科学美国人(翻译):天文学家判定出莫奈名作的创作时间 2021.1.18

cathy0301 2021-01-20 231 阅读
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An aspect of Claude Monet’s famous painting Impression, Sunrise has long been a mystery. The canvs depicts pink morning light reflecting off the harbor in the Normandy coast port of Le Havre. The work gave the Impressionist movement its name, yet scholars have debated exactly where and when it was made. Now, thanks to Texas State University forensic astronomer Donald Olson, we know the answer: November 13, 1872, at 7:35 A.M.

克劳德·莫奈的著名画作《日出·印象》,一直以来就像谜一样。这幅画描绘了粉红色的晨光反射下的阿尔弗尔市的诺曼底海岸的港口。该作品掀起了印象派运动,但是学者们一直在争论该画作是在何时何地创作的。现在,德克萨斯州立大学的天体物理学教授唐纳德·奥尔森给出了我们答案,得以了解其创作时间为:1872年11月13日上午的7点35分。

Monet himself dated the painting to 1872 but records of his travels suggested 1873 might be more accurate. The hazy colors and loose brush strokes make it difficult to tell the season depicted. Some art historians even argued that Impression, Sunrise is actually showing a sunset.

莫奈自己将该作品的时间标注为1872年,而根据他的旅行记录显示,更准确的时间可能是1873年。由于画作的颜色朦胧,笔触散漫,这让我们很难判断出画中所描绘的季节。一些历史艺术学家甚至认为这幅画实际上描绘的不是日出,而是日落。

Olson analyzed angles and views in vintage photographs and period maps of Le Havre to determine the exact hotel room Monet painted in. He then calculated the sun’s movements as seen from the room, as well as the times of the tides. This information told him when boats matching those in the painting might have been in harbor with the sun in the right position. Combining all this data with weather reports, Olson was able to pin down the timing of Impression, Sunrise. You could say Olson is right on the Monet.

—Clara Moskowitz

奥尔森对阿尔弗尔市的古老照片和历史分期地图进行了研究,来分析莫奈作画的角度和所画的景点,从而确定其作画时所在的酒店房间的确切位置。然后,他到达莫奈所居住的房间,从该房间来测量太阳的运动情况以及潮汐的时间。这些信息使奥尔森确定出了什么时间时画中的船和太阳的相对位置与现实中的船和太阳的相对位置相符。奥尔森将这些数据与天气预报结合起来,然后就确定出《日出·印象》的创作时间。你可以这样说,这时的奥尔森就是当时的莫奈。——克拉拉·莫斯科维茨


An aspect of Claude Monet’s famous painting Impression, Sunrise has long been a mystery. The canvs depicts pink morning light reflecting off the harbor in the Normandy coast port of Le Havre. The work gave the Impressionist movement its name, yet scholars have debated exactly where and when it was made. Now, thanks to Texas State University forensic astronomer Donald Olson, we know the answer: November 13, 1872, at 7:35 A.M.

克劳德·莫奈的著名画作《日出·印象》,一直以来就像谜一样。这幅画描绘了粉红色的晨光反射下的阿尔弗尔市的诺曼底海岸的港口。该作品掀起了印象派运动,但是学者们一直在争论该画作是在何时何地创作的。现在,德克萨斯州立大学的天体物理学教授唐纳德·奥尔森给出了我们答案,得以了解其创作时间为:1872年11月13日上午的7点35分。

Monet himself dated the painting to 1872 but records of his travels suggested 1873 might be more accurate. The hazy colors and loose brush strokes make it difficult to tell the season depicted. Some art historians even argued that Impression, Sunrise is actually showing a sunset.

莫奈自己将该作品的时间标注为1872年,而根据他的旅行记录显示,更准确的时间可能是1873年。由于画作的颜色朦胧,笔触散漫,这让我们很难判断出画中所描绘的季节。一些历史艺术学家甚至认为这幅画实际上描绘的不是日出,而是日落。

Olson analyzed angles and views in vintage photographs and period maps of Le Havre to determine the exact hotel room Monet painted in. He then calculated the sun’s movements as seen from the room, as well as the times of the tides. This information told him when boats matching those in the painting might have been in harbor with the sun in the right position. Combining all this data with weather reports, Olson was able to pin down the timing of Impression, Sunrise. You could say Olson is right on the Monet.

—Clara Moskowitz

奥尔森对阿尔弗尔市的古老照片和历史分期地图进行了研究,来分析莫奈作画的角度和所画的景点,从而确定其作画时所在的酒店房间的确切位置。然后,他到达莫奈所居住的房间,从该房间来测量太阳的运动情况以及潮汐的时间。这些信息使奥尔森确定出了什么时间时画中的船和太阳的相对位置与现实中的船和太阳的相对位置相符。奥尔森将这些数据与天气预报结合起来,然后就确定出《日出·印象》的创作时间。你可以这样说,这时的奥尔森就是当时的莫奈。——克拉拉·莫斯科维茨


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