2016年6月英语四级听力真题及答案 第2套

韩萱 2016-10-17 8416 阅读
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参考答案:CCBDDAB ADCABCDC DBAADBCABD

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

1.

A) How college students can handle their psychological problems.

B) Why college students are more likely to have stress problems.

C) Why sufficient sleep is important for college students.

D) How college students can improve their sleep habits.

2.

A) It is not easy to improve one's sleep habits.

B) It is not good for students to play videogames.

C) Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping.

D) Students who are better prepared generally get higher scores in examinations.



Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

3.

A) Whether adequate investment is being made to improve airport facilities.

B) Whether the British Airports Authority should sell off some of its assets.

C) Whether the Spanish company could offer better service.

D) Whether more airports should be built around London.

4.

A) Poor ownership structure.

B) Inefficient management.

C) Lack of innovation and competition.

D) Lack of runway and terminal capacity.



Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

5.

A) Study the effects of nicotine on young smokers.

B) Set a limit to the production of their cigarettes.

C) Take steps to reduce nicotine in their products.

D) Report the nicotine content of their cigarettes.

6.

A) The biggest increase in nicotine content tended to be in brands young smokers like.

B) Brands which contain higher nicotine content were found to be much more popular.

C) Tobacco companies refused to discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.

D) Big tobacco companies were frank with their customers about the hazards of smoking.

7.

A) They will pay more attention to the quality of their products.

B) They were not prepared to comment on the cigarette study.

C) They promised to reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes.

D) They have not fully realized the harmful effect of nicotine.



Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation you will hear four questions. Both the conversations and the question-s will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center.



Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8.

A) Holland. C) England.

B) Indonesia. D) Sweden.

9.

A) Talking with her boyfriend in Dutch.

B) Getting a coach who can offer real help.

C) Acquiring the necessary ability to socialize.

D) Learning a language where it is not spoken.

10.

A) Practicing reading aloud as often as possible.

B) Listening to language programs on the radio.

C) Trying to speak it as much as one can.

D) Making friends with native speakers.

11.

A) It provides opportunities for language practice.

B) It trains young people's leadership abilities.

C) It offers various courses with credit points.

D) It creates an environment for socializing.



Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12.

A) A sense of freedom driving gives.

B) Rules and regulations for driving.

C) The role policemen play in traffic safety.

D) The impact of engine design on road safety.

13.

A) Make cars with automatic control.

B) Make cars with higher standards.

C) Make cars that are less powerful.

D) Make cars that have better brakes.

14.

A) They follow traffic rules closely.

B) They keep within speed limits.

C) They like to go at high speed.

D) They tend to drive responsibly.

15.

A) It is a bad idea.

B) It is as effective as speed bumps.

C) It is not useful.

D) It should be combined with education.



Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center.



Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16.

A) The card got damaged.

B) The card was found invalid.

C) The card reader broke down unexpectedly.

D) The card reader failed to do the scanning.

17.

A) By seeking help from the card reader maker Verifone.

B) By covering the credit card with a layer of plastic.

C) By calling the credit card company for confirmation.

D) By typing the credit card number into the cash register.

18.

A) Produce many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures.

B) Give birth to many new technological inventions.

C) Change the lifestyle of many Americans.

D) Affect the sales of high-tech appliances.



Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.

A) They vary among different departments.

B) They leave much room for improvement.

C) They are determined by the advising board.

D) They are set by the dean of the graduate school.

20.

A) By consulting the examining committee.

B) By reading the Bulletin of Information.

C) By visiting the university's website.

D) By contacting the departmental office.

21.

A) They are harder to meet than those for undergraduates.

B) They specify the number of credits students must earn.

C) They have to be approved by the examining committee.

D) They are the same among various divisions of the university.



Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22.

A) Ph.D. candidates in dieting.

B) Students majoring in nutrition.

C) Students in health classes.

D) Middle and high school teachers.

23.

A) Its overemphasis on thinness.

B) Its changing criteria for beauty.

C) Its mistaken conception of nutrition.

D) Its overestimate of the effect of dieting.

24.

A) To demonstrate the magic effect of dieting on women.

B) To explain how computer images can be misleading.

C) To prove that technology has impacted our culture.

D) To illustrate her point that beauty is but skin deep.

25.

A) To help students rid themselves of bad living habits.

B) To establish an emotional connection with students.

C) To promote her own concept of beauty.

D) To persuade girls to stop dieting.



Section A

News Item 1

You probably think college students are experts at sleeping, but parties, preparations for tests, personal problems and general stress can rack a student's sleep habits, which can be bad for the body and the mind. Texas Tech University is even offering a class called Improving Your Sleep Habits. People suffering from sleep loss are at an increased risk from obesity, psychological problems and car crashes. Students who don't get enough sleep have poor attendance and lower grades. On top of all that, (2)a new study published in the journal Learning and Memory finds you are probably better off sleeping than making last-minute preparations for a test. Two hundred college kids were taught to play some unfamiliar video games. Subjects who learned the games in the morning lost some skills when they played again 12 hours later, (1)but they did much better after getting a good night's sleep. So if you really want to do your job well, don't forget to get some sleep.



Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard.

What is the news report mainly about?

解析:主旨大意题。从原文前半部分我们大概能听出来这是一道关于睡眠对学生的影响的文章,最后一句话也点出文章主题,想要工作更出色就需要睡眠。文中重点在强调的是睡眠的重要性而不是如何改善睡眠习惯,故答案选C。

2. What is the finding of the new study published in the journal Learning and Memory?

解析:本道题属于细节题,有原文同义替换的一句话you are probably better off sleeping than making last-minute preparations for a test.和选项C . Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping. 改变了一些表达方式,但都是说的新的研究结果,考前睡得好比临阵磨枪更有效,故答案选C。

News Item 2

Long queues, delayed flights and overcrowding at airport shave become almost as much a topic for conversation in Britain as the traditional complaining about the weather. Meanwhile there are complaints that poor service in London's major airports is discouraging foreigners from doing business in Britain. Much of the criticism is directed at the British Airports Authority which runs seven major airports, including the three main ones serving in London. (3) The Competition Commission is now to investigate whether the British Airports Authority needs to sell off some of its assets. The idea is the competition between rival operators would lead to better service at airports. The British Airports Authority recently bought by a Spanish company, says the root cause of the problem is not the ownership structure (4) but a lack of runway and terminal capacity which is addressing through a program of heavy investment.

Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard.

What is the Competition Commission going to investigate?

解析:本题是原文重现,原文中提到竞争委员会将去调查英国机场官员是否会廉价出清他们的一些资产whether the British Airports Authority needs to sell off some of its assets对应选项B,只是need to换成了should,故答案选B。

What is the root cause of the poor service at British airports according to the British Airports Authority?

解析:原文重现,问题问到导致英国机场服务差的原因,原文中有提到不是因为所有制结构而是缺乏跑道和终端容量a lack of runway and terminal capacity,故答案选D。



News Item 3

(5)Under the law in Massachusetts, tobacco companies have to measure the nicotine content of every type of cigarette and report the results. The Department of Public Health in Boston gathers and carefully examines the figures and then draws its conclusions. A hundred and sixteen brands were looked at for this study. Ninety-two were found to have higher nicotine yields than they did six years previously. (6)The biggest increases tended to be in brands that were popular with young smokers. That worries the department because of the addictive nature of nicotine. Stand Glance, a professor of medicine in San Francisco explains why. “The amount of nicotine that's delivered in every cigarette is 10% higher than it was six years ago, which means that it is easier to get hooked and harder to quit. (7)The big tobacco companies have always insisted that they are frank with their customers about the dangers of smoking and provide them with enough detail to make an informed decision. However, none of them were prepared to comment on this study or discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.”

Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard.

What do tobacco companies have to do under the law in Massachusetts?

解析:原文中提到在马萨诸塞州的法律规定下,烟草公司必须去检测每种香烟的尼古丁含量并汇报结果measure the nicotine content of every type of cigarette and report the results,和选项D)报告他们香烟的尼古丁含量Report the nicotine content of their cigarettes对应,故答案选D.

What do we learn from the study by the Department of Public Health in Boston?

解析:原文中提到研究结果表明92个香烟品牌的尼古丁含量已经比过去六年要高很多,而最受大家欢迎的香烟品牌是尼古丁含量最高的那种The biggest increases tended to be in brands that were popular with young smokers,和选项A对应,只是把brands的定语从句由that were popular with young smokers 同义替换改成了young smokers like,故答案选A。

7. What do we learn from the news report about the big tobacco companies?

解析:原文重现,原文提到很多大的烟草公司虽然坦言吸烟有害健康,而且公布各种成分,但对于这个研究并没有准备好发言和公布尼古丁含量,对应选项B) They were not prepared to comment on the cigarette study,故答案选B。

Section B

Conversation 1

M: And you know, one thing that I want to ask you. It's great that you have had this experience of teaching in Indonesia and following up on what you just mentioned, what would you recommend for students who do not live in an English speaking country and, you know, they want to learn. I don't know about perfecting but they want to at least be able to communicate decently. How can they go about this?

W: Yeah, it's really hard. That's the real struggle because, right now, (8) I do live in Holland, but I really don't socialize much with Dutch people and my boyfriend's English is so good that we just basically speak English all the time. So I have to make a real effort to practice. There is as much listening exposure as I want—all I have to do is turn on the TV.

M: And reading also, right?

W: Yeah, reading. (10)There is plenty I can get to read and listen to, but for speaking, there really is no substitute for trying to speak and use the language in a relaxed atmosphere. (9)So I think that's really the challenge for people who live in a country where their target language isn't spoken. And for that, gosh, what would I do if I didn't have people here, (10) probably try to find a club. In Sweden, they have a really cool system called study circles, well, it's not... (11) it's like a course. But really, you just have a course leader who is there, sort of, as a coach and guide and to help out, and you don't get grades, and you go just because you want to learn.

Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

8. Where does the woman live right now?

解析:这道题为地点题,四个选项为不同的地点,所以听原文中提到相关信息时要做好标记。原文中提到女士确实住在荷兰,只是不和荷兰人交往,确认问题是当前女士住在什么地方,故答案选A。

9. What does the woman say is the real challenge?

解析:原文中女士提到一个国家不讲自己的目标语言who live in a country where their target language isn't spoken对她来说是一个真正的挑战,对应选项D) Learning a language where it is not spoken所学语言在当地不使用,故答案选D。



10. What does the woman suggest doing to learn to speak a foreign language?

解析:原文中女士提到读和听的资源都很多,唯有说没有替代方式。而且也尝试去一个俱乐部来找机会增加说的练习,对应选项 C) Trying to speak it as much as one can尽可能多的去说,故答案选C.



11. What does the woman say about the study circles in Sweden?

解析:注意选项中的动宾结构,原文中女士说瑞典有一个很有意思的学习圈,类似课程,但没有评分,只有一个在旁边提供帮助的教练,结合上句话女士提到的语言学习,可推理出这个课程可以给语言练习提供机会It provides opportunities for language practice,故答案选A。



Conversation 2

W: Okay, Nelson. (12)So we are talking about driving and are there any rules or regulations that you like to change?

M: I'm not sure I want to change rules, but I'd like the police to be stricter on the rules. Like if people jump traffic lights, I don't know why there isn't a camera of the traffic lights to stop people doing that. Or like speeding. It's very easy to put speed cameras in certain places.

W: (13)Maybe car manufacturers should have some responsibility in limiting the power of their engines. What's the point in producing an engine that is big and powerful enough to go, like 200km/h when the speed limit is only 100?

M: (14)Right, but do you know there are no speed limits in Germany.

W: People there do drive responsibly, though. Often people break laws simply because the laws are there. If the law isn't there, people will drive within their ability range. When you got speed limits, this creates situations that actually present dangers on the road.

M: Do you think Germans have better education about personal responsibility when driving?

W: Possibly. They also have very good cars.

M: Right.

W: If you got a good car that can go at a high speed then it's really nice to do that.

M: But still, with care.

W: So I think it's the restrictions that create the dangers sometimes.

M: Okay.

W: Obviously, when driving through a residential area or where there is a school, you've got to have speed policemen.

M: Speed bumps.

W: Yes, speed bumps. Those speed bumps that force you to slow down. I think they are a good idea.

M:(15)So you don't think fining people is useful.

W: Not really, because the police don't have time to police every single driver.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

解析:原文中女士第一句话就交代了要讲的主要内容是关于driving驾驶以及相关规则的内容,然后下文也是就此展开,对应选项中的驾驶规则Rules and regulations for driving,故答案选B。

13. What does the woman think car manufacturers could do?

解析:原文中女士提到汽车生厂商应该对限制汽车引擎的功率负责limiting the power of their engines,对应选项C的说法Make cars that are less powerful让汽车功率更低,故答案选C。

14. What can we learn about people driving in Germany?

解析:原文中提到尽管德国没有速度限制,但人们开车仍然很负责任People there do drive responsibly,对应选项中的They tend to drive responsibly他们往往很负责地开车,故答案选D。

15. What does the woman think of the police fining drivers?

解析:原文中男士问女士是不是认为罚款没意义,女士说确实没太大意义,警察也没有那么多时间去监督每一个人,对应选项中的It is not useful没什么用,故答案选C。





Section C

Passage 1

Behind the cash register at a store in downtown San Francisco, Sam Azar swiped his credit card to pay for a pack of cigarettes. (16)The store's card reader failed to scan the card's magnetic strip. Azar tried again, and again. No luck. As customers began to queue, Mr. Azar reached beneath the counter for a black plastic bag.(17) He wrapped one layer of the plastic around the card and tried again. Success! The sale was completed. “I don't know how it works. It just does.” said Mr. Azar who learned the trick from another clerk. Verifone, the company that makes the store's card reader would not confirm or deny that the plastic bag trick worked. But it's one of many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures that people without engineering degrees have discovered, often out of desperation, and shared. “(18) Today's shaky economy is likely to produce many more such tricks. In postwar Japan, the economy wasn't doing so great, so you couldn't get everyday-use items like household cleaners.” says Lisa Katayama, author of Urawaza, a book named after the Japanese term for “clever lifestyle tips and tricks.” So people look for ways to do with what they had. Today, Americans are finding their own tips and tricks for fixingmal-functioning devices with supplies as simple as paper and glue. Some like Mr. Azar's plastic bag are open to argument as to how they work or whether they really work at all. But many tech home remedies can be explained by a little science.

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

16. What happened when Sam Azar swiped his credit card to pay for his purchase?

解析:原文中提到当Sam去刷他的卡的时候,店里的刷卡机不能刷卡的磁条card reader failed to scan the card's magnetic strip,对应选项中的D项The card reader failed to do the scanning读卡机无法扫描,故答案选D。

17. How did Sam Azar manage to complete the sale?

解析:原文中提到多次尝试刷卡没有成功,后来Sam拿一层塑料裹在卡上试了一下就成功了 wrapped one layer of the plastic around the card,和选项B) 用一层塑料覆盖信用卡By covering the credit card with a layer of plastic属于同意替换,故答案选B。

18. What is today's shaky economy likely to do?

解析: 原文中提到当前的不稳定经济需要更多的这样的诀窍produce many more such tricks,诀窍指上句话出现的many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures 一些对于高科技故障的低技术修复方法,对应选项A) Produce many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures发明更多低技术修复方法,故答案选A。



Passage 2

If you are a graduate student, you may depend on your adviser for many things, including help with improving grades, acquiring financial support, forming an examining committee and getting letters of recommendation. If you're a graduate teaching assistant, your adviser also may be your boss. (19)Academic departments vary in their procedures for assigning academic advisers to graduate students. In some departments, either the chairman or the director of graduate studies serves for at least the first semester as a new student adviser. Then students select an adviser based on shared academic interests. In other departments, a new student is assigned a faculty adviser based on some system of distribution of the department's advising load. Later, students may have the opportunity of selecting the adviser that they prefer. (20)In any case, new graduate students can learn who their advisers or temporary advisers are by visiting or emailing the departmental office and asking for the information. (21)Graduation requirements specify the number of credits you must earn, the minimum grade point average you must achieve and the distribution of credits you must have from among differing departments or fields of study. In addition, it is necessary to apply for graduation when you are near the time that you will be completing your graduation requirements. Since graduation requirements vary among divisions of the university, you should consult the Bulletin of Information. You should also direct your questions to your departmental office or academic adviser.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. What does the speaker say about the procedures for assigning academic advisers?

解析:原文中提到不同的系分配导师给学生的程序都不一样Academic departments vary in their procedures for assigning academic advisers to graduate students,对应选项中的They vary among different departments,故答案选A。

20. How can new graduate students learn who their advisers are?

解析:原文中提到新的研究生可以通过直接拜访或邮件方式到系办公室了解自己的导师的相关信息by visiting or emailing the departmental office,对应选项中的By contacting the departmental office,两者属于同意替换,故答案选D。

21. What does the speaker say about graduation requirements?

解析:原文重现,上面一道题目的答案找到后,紧接着下一句就是这道题的答案,毕业要求详细说明了学生必须要获得的学生学分数Graduation requirements specify the number of credits you must earn和B选项内容基本一致,故答案选B。

Passage 3

Jody Harbert is a diet and nutrition expert who travels around the state to speak in middle and high schools. (22)She primarily speaks to students in health classes, but sometimes the school will arrange for her to speak to several different groups of girls. (23)Her biggest concern is the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative ways this affects girls today. Jody has a Ph.D. innutrition, but more important, she has personal experience. Her mother talked her to diet when she was only eight years old. Jody has created several different presentations which she gives to different types of audiences, and she tries to establish an emotional connection with the students so that they will feel comfortable asking questions or talking to her privately. (24)She shows them pictures and images from popular culture of beautiful women and explains how computers are used to make the women look even more thin and beautiful than they are in real life. She describes how the definition of beauty has changed over the years and even from culture to culture. She then talks about health issues and the physical damage that can occur as a result of dieting. Finally, she addresses self-respect and the notion that a person's sense of beauty must include more than how much a person weighs. (25)Sometimes, Jody feels that she succeeds in persuading some students to stop dieting. Other times, she feels that she fails.



22. Who does Jody Harbert primarily speak to?

解析:原文中前面两句话提到Jody Harbert是一个营养饮食专家,她主要和健康课里的学生交谈speaks to students in health classes,属于原文重现,故答案选C.

23. What is Jody Harbert's biggest concern about American culture?

解析:原文中提到Jody的最大关注点在美国文化中对纤瘦的强调以及带来的负面影响the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative ways this affects girls today,属于原文重现,故答案选A。

24. Why does Jody Harbert show pictures of beautiful women to her audiences?

解析:原文中提到Jody把图片展示给大家,并解释电脑把他们修的比现实生活中更瘦更漂亮,和选项B同意替换,be misleading电脑修图误导大家,故答案选B。

25. What is Jody Harbert's main purpose in giving her speeches?

解析:原文中提到Jody有时觉得自己成功劝服女生停止节食,有时又失败了,说明她的主要目的就在于去女生不要节食,故答案选D。
参考答案:CCBDDAB ADCABCDC DBAADBCABD Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard. 1. A) How college students can handle their psychological problems. B) Why college students are more likely to have stress problems. C) Why sufficient sleep is important for college students. D) How college students can improve their sleep habits. 2. A) It is not easy to improve one's sleep habits. B) It is not good for students to play videogames. C) Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping. D) Students who are better prepared generally get higher scores in examinations. Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard. 3. A) Whether adequate investment is being made to improve airport facilities. B) Whether the British Airports Authority should sell off some of its assets. C) Whether the Spanish company could offer better service. D) Whether more airports should be built around London. 4. A) Poor ownership structure. B) Inefficient management. C) Lack of innovation and competition. D) Lack of runway and terminal capacity. Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard. 5. A) Study the effects of nicotine on young smokers. B) Set a limit to the production of their cigarettes. C) Take steps to reduce nicotine in their products. D) Report the nicotine content of their cigarettes. 6. A) The biggest increase in nicotine content tended to be in brands young smokers like. B) Brands which contain higher nicotine content were found to be much more popular. C) Tobacco companies refused to discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products. D) Big tobacco companies were frank with their customers about the hazards of smoking. 7. A) They will pay more attention to the quality of their products. B) They were not prepared to comment on the cigarette study. C) They promised to reduce the nicotine content in cigarettes. D) They have not fully realized the harmful effect of nicotine. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation you will hear four questions. Both the conversations and the question-s will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center. Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 8. A) Holland. C) England. B) Indonesia. D) Sweden. 9. A) Talking with her boyfriend in Dutch. B) Getting a coach who can offer real help. C) Acquiring the necessary ability to socialize. D) Learning a language where it is not spoken. 10. A) Practicing reading aloud as often as possible. B) Listening to language programs on the radio. C) Trying to speak it as much as one can. D) Making friends with native speakers. 11. A) It provides opportunities for language practice. B) It trains young people's leadership abilities. C) It offers various courses with credit points. D) It creates an environment for socializing. Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 12. A) A sense of freedom driving gives. B) Rules and regulations for driving. C) The role policemen play in traffic safety. D) The impact of engine design on road safety. 13. A) Make cars with automatic control. B) Make cars with higher standards. C) Make cars that are less powerful. D) Make cars that have better brakes. 14. A) They follow traffic rules closely. B) They keep within speed limits. C) They like to go at high speed. D) They tend to drive responsibly. 15. A) It is a bad idea. B) It is as effective as speed bumps. C) It is not useful. D) It should be combined with education. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the center. Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. 16. A) The card got damaged. B) The card was found invalid. C) The card reader broke down unexpectedly. D) The card reader failed to do the scanning. 17. A) By seeking help from the card reader maker Verifone. B) By covering the credit card with a layer of plastic. C) By calling the credit card company for confirmation. D) By typing the credit card number into the cash register. 18. A) Produce many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures. B) Give birth to many new technological inventions. C) Change the lifestyle of many Americans. D) Affect the sales of high-tech appliances. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. A) They vary among different departments. B) They leave much room for improvement. C) They are determined by the advising board. D) They are set by the dean of the graduate school. 20. A) By consulting the examining committee. B) By reading the Bulletin of Information. C) By visiting the university's website. D) By contacting the departmental office. 21. A) They are harder to meet than those for undergraduates. B) They specify the number of credits students must earn. C) They have to be approved by the examining committee. D) They are the same among various divisions of the university. Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. 22. A) Ph.D. candidates in dieting. B) Students majoring in nutrition. C) Students in health classes. D) Middle and high school teachers. 23. A) Its overemphasis on thinness. B) Its changing criteria for beauty. C) Its mistaken conception of nutrition. D) Its overestimate of the effect of dieting. 24. A) To demonstrate the magic effect of dieting on women. B) To explain how computer images can be misleading. C) To prove that technology has impacted our culture. D) To illustrate her point that beauty is but skin deep. 25. A) To help students rid themselves of bad living habits. B) To establish an emotional connection with students. C) To promote her own concept of beauty. D) To persuade girls to stop dieting. Section A News Item 1 You probably think college students are experts at sleeping, but parties, preparations for tests, personal problems and general stress can rack a student's sleep habits, which can be bad for the body and the mind. Texas Tech University is even offering a class called Improving Your Sleep Habits. People suffering from sleep loss are at an increased risk from obesity, psychological problems and car crashes. Students who don't get enough sleep have poor attendance and lower grades. On top of all that, (2)a new study published in the journal Learning and Memory finds you are probably better off sleeping than making last-minute preparations for a test. Two hundred college kids were taught to play some unfamiliar video games. Subjects who learned the games in the morning lost some skills when they played again 12 hours later, (1)but they did much better after getting a good night's sleep. So if you really want to do your job well, don't forget to get some sleep. Questions 1 and 2 are based on the news report you have just heard. What is the news report mainly about? 解析:主旨大意题。从原文前半部分我们大概能听出来这是一道关于睡眠对学生的影响的文章,最后一句话也点出文章主题,想要工作更出色就需要睡眠。文中重点在强调的是睡眠的重要性而不是如何改善睡眠习惯,故答案选C。 2. What is the finding of the new study published in the journal Learning and Memory? 解析:本道题属于细节题,有原文同义替换的一句话you are probably better off sleeping than making last-minute preparations for a test.和选项C . Making last-minute preparations for tests may be less effective than sleeping. 改变了一些表达方式,但都是说的新的研究结果,考前睡得好比临阵磨枪更有效,故答案选C。 News Item 2 Long queues, delayed flights and overcrowding at airport shave become almost as much a topic for conversation in Britain as the traditional complaining about the weather. Meanwhile there are complaints that poor service in London's major airports is discouraging foreigners from doing business in Britain. Much of the criticism is directed at the British Airports Authority which runs seven major airports, including the three main ones serving in London. (3) The Competition Commission is now to investigate whether the British Airports Authority needs to sell off some of its assets. The idea is the competition between rival operators would lead to better service at airports. The British Airports Authority recently bought by a Spanish company, says the root cause of the problem is not the ownership structure (4) but a lack of runway and terminal capacity which is addressing through a program of heavy investment. Questions 3 and 4 are based on the news report you have just heard. What is the Competition Commission going to investigate? 解析:本题是原文重现,原文中提到竞争委员会将去调查英国机场官员是否会廉价出清他们的一些资产whether the British Airports Authority needs to sell off some of its assets对应选项B,只是need to换成了should,故答案选B。 What is the root cause of the poor service at British airports according to the British Airports Authority? 解析:原文重现,问题问到导致英国机场服务差的原因,原文中有提到不是因为所有制结构而是缺乏跑道和终端容量a lack of runway and terminal capacity,故答案选D。 News Item 3 (5)Under the law in Massachusetts, tobacco companies have to measure the nicotine content of every type of cigarette and report the results. The Department of Public Health in Boston gathers and carefully examines the figures and then draws its conclusions. A hundred and sixteen brands were looked at for this study. Ninety-two were found to have higher nicotine yields than they did six years previously. (6)The biggest increases tended to be in brands that were popular with young smokers. That worries the department because of the addictive nature of nicotine. Stand Glance, a professor of medicine in San Francisco explains why. “The amount of nicotine that's delivered in every cigarette is 10% higher than it was six years ago, which means that it is easier to get hooked and harder to quit. (7)The big tobacco companies have always insisted that they are frank with their customers about the dangers of smoking and provide them with enough detail to make an informed decision. However, none of them were prepared to comment on this study or discuss the detailed nicotine content of their products.” Questions 5 to 7 are based on the news report you have just heard. What do tobacco companies have to do under the law in Massachusetts? 解析:原文中提到在马萨诸塞州的法律规定下,烟草公司必须去检测每种香烟的尼古丁含量并汇报结果measure the nicotine content of every type of cigarette and report the results,和选项D)报告他们香烟的尼古丁含量Report the nicotine content of their cigarettes对应,故答案选D. What do we learn from the study by the Department of Public Health in Boston? 解析:原文中提到研究结果表明92个香烟品牌的尼古丁含量已经比过去六年要高很多,而最受大家欢迎的香烟品牌是尼古丁含量最高的那种The biggest increases tended to be in brands that were popular with young smokers,和选项A对应,只是把brands的定语从句由that were popular with young smokers 同义替换改成了young smokers like,故答案选A。 7. What do we learn from the news report about the big tobacco companies? 解析:原文重现,原文提到很多大的烟草公司虽然坦言吸烟有害健康,而且公布各种成分,但对于这个研究并没有准备好发言和公布尼古丁含量,对应选项B) They were not prepared to comment on the cigarette study,故答案选B。 Section B Conversation 1 M: And you know, one thing that I want to ask you. It's great that you have had this experience of teaching in Indonesia and following up on what you just mentioned, what would you recommend for students who do not live in an English speaking country and, you know, they want to learn. I don't know about perfecting but they want to at least be able to communicate decently. How can they go about this? W: Yeah, it's really hard. That's the real struggle because, right now, (8) I do live in Holland, but I really don't socialize much with Dutch people and my boyfriend's English is so good that we just basically speak English all the time. So I have to make a real effort to practice. There is as much listening exposure as I want—all I have to do is turn on the TV. M: And reading also, right? W: Yeah, reading. (10)There is plenty I can get to read and listen to, but for speaking, there really is no substitute for trying to speak and use the language in a relaxed atmosphere. (9)So I think that's really the challenge for people who live in a country where their target language isn't spoken. And for that, gosh, what would I do if I didn't have people here, (10) probably try to find a club. In Sweden, they have a really cool system called study circles, well, it's not... (11) it's like a course. But really, you just have a course leader who is there, sort of, as a coach and guide and to help out, and you don't get grades, and you go just because you want to learn. Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 8. Where does the woman live right now? 解析:这道题为地点题,四个选项为不同的地点,所以听原文中提到相关信息时要做好标记。原文中提到女士确实住在荷兰,只是不和荷兰人交往,确认问题是当前女士住在什么地方,故答案选A。 9. What does the woman say is the real challenge? 解析:原文中女士提到一个国家不讲自己的目标语言who live in a country where their target language isn't spoken对她来说是一个真正的挑战,对应选项D) Learning a language where it is not spoken所学语言在当地不使用,故答案选D。 10. What does the woman suggest doing to learn to speak a foreign language? 解析:原文中女士提到读和听的资源都很多,唯有说没有替代方式。而且也尝试去一个俱乐部来找机会增加说的练习,对应选项 C) Trying to speak it as much as one can尽可能多的去说,故答案选C. 11. What does the woman say about the study circles in Sweden? 解析:注意选项中的动宾结构,原文中女士说瑞典有一个很有意思的学习圈,类似课程,但没有评分,只有一个在旁边提供帮助的教练,结合上句话女士提到的语言学习,可推理出这个课程可以给语言练习提供机会It provides opportunities for language practice,故答案选A。 Conversation 2 W: Okay, Nelson. (12)So we are talking about driving and are there any rules or regulations that you like to change? M: I'm not sure I want to change rules, but I'd like the police to be stricter on the rules. Like if people jump traffic lights, I don't know why there isn't a camera of the traffic lights to stop people doing that. Or like speeding. It's very easy to put speed cameras in certain places. W: (13)Maybe car manufacturers should have some responsibility in limiting the power of their engines. What's the point in producing an engine that is big and powerful enough to go, like 200km/h when the speed limit is only 100? M: (14)Right, but do you know there are no speed limits in Germany. W: People there do drive responsibly, though. Often people break laws simply because the laws are there. If the law isn't there, people will drive within their ability range. When you got speed limits, this creates situations that actually present dangers on the road. M: Do you think Germans have better education about personal responsibility when driving? W: Possibly. They also have very good cars. M: Right. W: If you got a good car that can go at a high speed then it's really nice to do that. M: But still, with care. W: So I think it's the restrictions that create the dangers sometimes. M: Okay. W: Obviously, when driving through a residential area or where there is a school, you've got to have speed policemen. M: Speed bumps. W: Yes, speed bumps. Those speed bumps that force you to slow down. I think they are a good idea. M:(15)So you don't think fining people is useful. W: Not really, because the police don't have time to police every single driver. Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 12. What are the speakers mainly talking about? 解析:原文中女士第一句话就交代了要讲的主要内容是关于driving驾驶以及相关规则的内容,然后下文也是就此展开,对应选项中的驾驶规则Rules and regulations for driving,故答案选B。 13. What does the woman think car manufacturers could do? 解析:原文中女士提到汽车生厂商应该对限制汽车引擎的功率负责limiting the power of their engines,对应选项C的说法Make cars that are less powerful让汽车功率更低,故答案选C。 14. What can we learn about people driving in Germany? 解析:原文中提到尽管德国没有速度限制,但人们开车仍然很负责任People there do drive responsibly,对应选项中的They tend to drive responsibly他们往往很负责地开车,故答案选D。 15. What does the woman think of the police fining drivers? 解析:原文中男士问女士是不是认为罚款没意义,女士说确实没太大意义,警察也没有那么多时间去监督每一个人,对应选项中的It is not useful没什么用,故答案选C。 Section C Passage 1 Behind the cash register at a store in downtown San Francisco, Sam Azar swiped his credit card to pay for a pack of cigarettes. (16)The store's card reader failed to scan the card's magnetic strip. Azar tried again, and again. No luck. As customers began to queue, Mr. Azar reached beneath the counter for a black plastic bag.(17) He wrapped one layer of the plastic around the card and tried again. Success! The sale was completed. “I don't know how it works. It just does.” said Mr. Azar who learned the trick from another clerk. Verifone, the company that makes the store's card reader would not confirm or deny that the plastic bag trick worked. But it's one of many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures that people without engineering degrees have discovered, often out of desperation, and shared. “(18) Today's shaky economy is likely to produce many more such tricks. In postwar Japan, the economy wasn't doing so great, so you couldn't get everyday-use items like household cleaners.” says Lisa Katayama, author of Urawaza, a book named after the Japanese term for “clever lifestyle tips and tricks.” So people look for ways to do with what they had. Today, Americans are finding their own tips and tricks for fixingmal-functioning devices with supplies as simple as paper and glue. Some like Mr. Azar's plastic bag are open to argument as to how they work or whether they really work at all. But many tech home remedies can be explained by a little science. Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. 16. What happened when Sam Azar swiped his credit card to pay for his purchase? 解析:原文中提到当Sam去刷他的卡的时候,店里的刷卡机不能刷卡的磁条card reader failed to scan the card's magnetic strip,对应选项中的D项The card reader failed to do the scanning读卡机无法扫描,故答案选D。 17. How did Sam Azar manage to complete the sale? 解析:原文中提到多次尝试刷卡没有成功,后来Sam拿一层塑料裹在卡上试了一下就成功了 wrapped one layer of the plastic around the card,和选项B) 用一层塑料覆盖信用卡By covering the credit card with a layer of plastic属于同意替换,故答案选B。 18. What is today's shaky economy likely to do? 解析: 原文中提到当前的不稳定经济需要更多的这样的诀窍produce many more such tricks,诀窍指上句话出现的many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures 一些对于高科技故障的低技术修复方法,对应选项A) Produce many low-tech fixes for high-tech failures发明更多低技术修复方法,故答案选A。 Passage 2 If you are a graduate student, you may depend on your adviser for many things, including help with improving grades, acquiring financial support, forming an examining committee and getting letters of recommendation. If you're a graduate teaching assistant, your adviser also may be your boss. (19)Academic departments vary in their procedures for assigning academic advisers to graduate students. In some departments, either the chairman or the director of graduate studies serves for at least the first semester as a new student adviser. Then students select an adviser based on shared academic interests. In other departments, a new student is assigned a faculty adviser based on some system of distribution of the department's advising load. Later, students may have the opportunity of selecting the adviser that they prefer. (20)In any case, new graduate students can learn who their advisers or temporary advisers are by visiting or emailing the departmental office and asking for the information. (21)Graduation requirements specify the number of credits you must earn, the minimum grade point average you must achieve and the distribution of credits you must have from among differing departments or fields of study. In addition, it is necessary to apply for graduation when you are near the time that you will be completing your graduation requirements. Since graduation requirements vary among divisions of the university, you should consult the Bulletin of Information. You should also direct your questions to your departmental office or academic adviser. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. What does the speaker say about the procedures for assigning academic advisers? 解析:原文中提到不同的系分配导师给学生的程序都不一样Academic departments vary in their procedures for assigning academic advisers to graduate students,对应选项中的They vary among different departments,故答案选A。 20. How can new graduate students learn who their advisers are? 解析:原文中提到新的研究生可以通过直接拜访或邮件方式到系办公室了解自己的导师的相关信息by visiting or emailing the departmental office,对应选项中的By contacting the departmental office,两者属于同意替换,故答案选D。 21. What does the speaker say about graduation requirements? 解析:原文重现,上面一道题目的答案找到后,紧接着下一句就是这道题的答案,毕业要求详细说明了学生必须要获得的学生学分数Graduation requirements specify the number of credits you must earn和B选项内容基本一致,故答案选B。 Passage 3 Jody Harbert is a diet and nutrition expert who travels around the state to speak in middle and high schools. (22)She primarily speaks to students in health classes, but sometimes the school will arrange for her to speak to several different groups of girls. (23)Her biggest concern is the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative ways this affects girls today. Jody has a Ph.D. innutrition, but more important, she has personal experience. Her mother talked her to diet when she was only eight years old. Jody has created several different presentations which she gives to different types of audiences, and she tries to establish an emotional connection with the students so that they will feel comfortable asking questions or talking to her privately. (24)She shows them pictures and images from popular culture of beautiful women and explains how computers are used to make the women look even more thin and beautiful than they are in real life. She describes how the definition of beauty has changed over the years and even from culture to culture. She then talks about health issues and the physical damage that can occur as a result of dieting. Finally, she addresses self-respect and the notion that a person's sense of beauty must include more than how much a person weighs. (25)Sometimes, Jody feels that she succeeds in persuading some students to stop dieting. Other times, she feels that she fails. 22. Who does Jody Harbert primarily speak to? 解析:原文中前面两句话提到Jody Harbert是一个营养饮食专家,她主要和健康课里的学生交谈speaks to students in health classes,属于原文重现,故答案选C. 23. What is Jody Harbert's biggest concern about American culture? 解析:原文中提到Jody的最大关注点在美国文化中对纤瘦的强调以及带来的负面影响the emphasis American culture places on thinness and the negative ways this affects girls today,属于原文重现,故答案选A。 24. Why does Jody Harbert show pictures of beautiful women to her audiences? 解析:原文中提到Jody把图片展示给大家,并解释电脑把他们修的比现实生活中更瘦更漂亮,和选项B同意替换,be misleading电脑修图误导大家,故答案选B。 25. What is Jody Harbert's main purpose in giving her speeches? 解析:原文中提到Jody有时觉得自己成功劝服女生停止节食,有时又失败了,说明她的主要目的就在于去女生不要节食,故答案选D。
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