2011年6月大学英语四级考试听力真题音频高清晰无杂音版本

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感谢大耳朵网友“陈伊木”提供的听力原文

2011年6月四级听力真题

Part III Listening Comprehension Section A

11. A) He is careless about his appearance. B) He is ashamed of his present condition.

C) He changes jobs frequently. D) He shaves other day.

12. A) Jane may be caught in a traffic jam. B) Jane should have started a little earlier.

C) He knows what sort of person Jane is. D) He is irritated at having to wait for Jane.

13. A) Training for the Mid-Atlantic Championships. B) Making preparations for a trans-Atlantic trip.

C) Collecting information about baseball games. D) Analyzing their rivals' on-field performance.

14. A) He had a narrow escape in a car accident. B) He is hospitalized for a serious injury.

C) He lost his mother two weeks ago. D) He has been having a hard time.

15. A) The woman has known the speaker for a long time.

B) The man had difficulty understanding the lecture.

C) The man is making a fuss about nothing. D) The woman thinks highly of the speaker.

16. A) He has difficulty making sense of logic. B) Statistics and logic are both challenging subjects.

C) The woman should seek help from the tutoring service. D) Tutoring services are very popular with students.

17. A) Her overcoat is as stylish as Jill's. C) Jill wore the overcoat last week.

B) Jill missed her class last week. D) She is in the same class as the man.

18. A) A computer game. C) An exciting experience.

B) An imaginary situation. D) A vacation by the sea.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19. A) Beautiful scenery in the countryside. C) Pain and pleasure in sports.

B) Dangers of cross-country skiing. D) A sport he participates in.

20. A) He can't find good examples to illustrate his point.

B) He can't find a peaceful place to do the assignment.

C) He doesn't know how to describe the beautiful country scenery.

D) He can't decide whether to include the effort part of skiing.

21. A) New ideas come up as you write. B) Much time is spent on collecting data.

C) A lot of effort is made in vain. D) The writer's point of view often changes.

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

22. A) Journalist of a local newspaper. B) Director of evening radio programs.

C) Producer of television commercials. D) Hostess of the weekly "Business World".

23. A) He ran three restaurants with his wife's help. B) He and his wife did everything by themselves.

C) He worked both as a cook and a waiter. D) He hired a cook and two local waitresses.

24. A) He hardly needs to do any advertising nowadays. B) He advertises a lot on radio and in newspapers.

C) He spends huge sums on TV commercials every year. D) He hires children to distribute ads in shopping centers.

25. A) The restaurant location. C) The food variety.

B) The restaurant atmosphere. D) The food price.

Section B Passage One

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26.A)Its protection is often neglected by children. B) It cannot be fully restored once damaged.

C) There are many false notions about it. D) There are various ways to protect it.

27. A) It may make the wearer feel tired. B) It will gradually weaken the eyes of adults.

C) It can lead to the loss of vision in children. D) It can permanently change the eye structure.

28. A) It can never be done even with high technology. B) It is the best way to restore damaged eyesight.

C)It is a major achievement in eye surgery. D) It can only be partly accomplished now.

Passage Two Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. A) They think they should follow the current trend. B) Nursing homes are well-equipped and convenient.

C) Adult day-care centers are easily accessible. D) They have jobs and other commitments.

30. A) They don't want to use up all their life savings. B) They fear they will regret it afterwards.

C) They would like to spend more time with them. D) They don't want to see their husbands poorly treated.

31. A) Provide professional standard care. C) Be frank and seek help from others.

B) Be affectionate and cooperative. D) Make full use of community facilities.

Passage ThreeQuestions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32. A) Health and safety conditions in the workplace. B) Rights and responsibilities of company employees.

C) Common complaints made by office workers. D) Conflicts between labor and management.

33. A) Replace its out-dated equipment. B) Improve the welfare of affected workers.

C) Follow government regulations strictly. D) Provide extra health compensation.

34. A) They requested to transfer to a safer department. B) They quit work to protect their unborn babies.

C) They sought help from union representatives. D) They wanted to work shorter hours.

35. A) To show how they love winter sports. B) To attract the attention from the media.

C) To protest against the poor working conditions. D) To protect themselves against the cold weather.

Section C

Contrary to the old warning that time waits for no one, time slows down when you are on the move. It also slows down more as you move faster, which means astronauts (宇航员) someday may (36) _____ so long in space that they would return to an Earth of the (37) _____ future. If you could move at the speed of light, your time would stand still. If you could move faster than light, your time would move (38) _____.Although no form of matter yet (39) _____ moves as fast as or faster than light, (40) _____ experiments have already confirmed that accelerated (41) _____ causes a traveler's time to be stretched. Albert Einstein (42) _____ this in 1905, when he (43) _____ the concept of relative time as part of his Special Theory of Relativity. A search is now under way to confirm the suspected existence of particles of matter (44) ____________________________________.An obsession (沉迷) with time – saving, gaining, wasting, losing, and mastering it – (45) ____________________________________. Humanity also has been obsessed with trying to capture the meaning of time. Einstein (46) ____________________________________. Thus, time and time's relativity are measurable by any hourglass, alarm clock, or an atomic clock that can measure a billionth of a second.

听力参考答案

11.A.M: Shawn's been trying for months to find a job. But I wonder how he could get a job when he looks like that.

W: Oh, that poor guy! He really should shave himself every other day at least and put on something clean.

Q: What do we learn about Shawn?解析:男生首先对肖恩能否找到工作表示怀疑,因为他邋遢。女生接着提到肖恩不修边幅,又说他应该每隔一天刮一次胡子,把自己弄得整洁干净一点。由此可知,肖恩是一个对仪容仪表不太注重,比较粗线条的人shave,刮胡子;be careless about不在乎,不介意;

12.A.W: I wish Jane would call when she know she'll be late. This is not the first time we've had to wait for her.

M: I agree. But she does have to drive through very heavy traffic to get here.

Q: What does the man imply?解析:本题是推理题,在做题时要注意仔细推敲。女生说:“Jane已经不是第一次迟到让我们等了,我希望她能事先打电话告诉我们一下”,可见女生对Jane迟到的作法是不满的。男生又说:“I agree. But she does have to drive through very heavy traffic to get here.”(我同意。但是她到这里的确要遭受很拥堵的交通。)由此得出,男生对此事的态度是理解或宽容的。Jane可能被堵在半路了。

13.A.M: Congratulations! I heard your baseball team is going to the Middle Atlantic Championship.

W: Yeah, we're all working real hard right now!

Q: What is the woman's team doing?解析:对话开头男生提到女生所在的棒球队要参加Mid-Atlantic Championship.女生说:“we're all working real hard right now!”(我们现在正紧锣密鼓地练习呢!)由此可知,女生所在的棒球队正在进行赛前训练。此题还有一个迷惑选项B, Making preparations for a trans-Atlantic trip,必须注意的是:这里并不是准备旅行,而是准备参赛。

14.D.W: John's been looking after his mother in the hospital. She was injured in a car accident two weeks ago and still in critical condition.

M: Oh, that's terrible. And you know his father passed away last year.

Q: What do we learn about John?解析:根据听力原文可知,“John's mother is in the hospital and his father died last year.”(约翰的母亲出车祸住院了,父亲两年前也过世了)由此可见,John的近况还是蛮悲惨的;答案也就显而易见了。

15.D.M: What a boring speaker! I can hardly stay awake.

W: Well, I don't know. In fact, I think it's been a long time since I've heard anyone is good.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?解析:根据听力原文可知,男生觉得演讲无趣,女生却很淡定地说:“其实我已经很久没有听到那么好的发言了”。由此可见,女生对发言还是很肯定的。选项D中“thinks highly of”即“对…评价高”,故D是正确答案。

16.C.W: I'm having a lot of trouble with logic and it seems my professor can't explain it in a way that makes sense to me.

M: You know, there is a tutoring service on campus. I was about to drop statistics before they helped me out.

Q: What does the man mean?解析:首先女生说她逻辑学得很辛苦,接受不了老师的讲课方式也理解不了课程内容。而后男生说学校有辅导班,他在参加之前几乎要挂科了,辅导班帮了他大忙。言下之意是推荐女生也去上辅导班。

17.C.M: This is a stylish overcoat. I saw you wearing it last week, did't I?

W: Oh, that wasn't me. That was my sister Jill. She's in your class.

Q: What does the woman mean?解析:首先男生问女生上周是否穿过拉风外套,然后女生说:“ That was my sister Jill. She's in your class.”(那是我姐姐Jill,她和你同班)也就是说男生很有可能看到的那个穿着拉风外套的人是女生的姐姐Jill。

18.B.M: Jane, suppose you lost all your money while taking a vacation overseas, what would you do?

W: Well, I guess I'd sell my watch or computer or do some odd jobs till I could afford a return plane ticket.

Q: What are the speakers talking about?解析:根据原文录音可知,对话开头男生讲到:“Jane, suppose you lost all your money while taking a vacation overseas, what would you do? ”这里的"suppose"表明“假定、料想”由此可见,两人谈论的是一个虚拟场景

Conversation one

听力原文M: Hello, professor Johnson.

W: Hello, Tony. So what shall we work on today?

M: Well, the problem is that this writing assignment isn't coming out right. What I thought I was writing on was to talk about what particular sport means to me when I participate in,

W: What sport did you choose?

M: I decided to write about cross-country skiing.

W: What are you going to say about skiing?

M: That's the problem. I thought I would write about how peaceful it is to be out in the country.

W: So why is that a problem?

M: As I start describing how quiet it is to be out in the woods. I keep mentioning how much effort it takes to keep going. Cross-country skiing isn't as easy as some people think. It takes a lot of energy, but that's not part of my paper. So I guess I should leave it out. But now I don't know how to explain that feeling of peacefulness without explaining how hard you have to work for it. It all fits together. It's not like just sitting down somewhere and watching the clouds roll by. That's different.

W: Then you'll have to include that in your point. The peacefulness of cross-country skiing is the kind you earn by effort. Why leave that out? Part of your point you knew before hand but part you discovered as you wrote. That's common, right?

M: Yeah, I guess so.

Q19: What is the topic of the man's writing assignment?

Q20: What problem does the man have while working on his paper?

Q21: What does the woman say is common in writing papers?

19. D) A sport he participates in解析:题目问的是,男生论文的主题是什么,从talk about what particular sport means to me when I participate in一句中,可得对应选项D。C选项是一个干扰项,pain and pleasure in sports, 意为运动中的痛苦与快乐,其中sports一词范围太大,对话中只谈到了cross-country skiing, 因此,C选项错。

20. D) He can't decide whether to include the effort part of skiing.解析:当男生打算将越野滑雪的艰辛剔除出论文时,教授说了一句“Then you'll have to include that in your point.”对应选项D

21. A) New ideas come up as you write.解析:在对话的最后,教授提到“Part of your point you knew before hand but part you discovered as you wrote. That's common, right?”这句话意思是说,在写论文之前,论点的一部分我们已经有了,但另一部分在写的过程中才会发现,因此,对应选项A。A选项与D选项较易混淆,但从教授的话中,我们可以看出,不是论点发生变化,而是在写作过程中,会有新的想法产生。

Conversation Two

W: Good evening and welcome to this week's Business World.

It program for and about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Angeleno who came to the US six years ago, and is now an established businessman with three restaurants in town.Tell us Mr. Angeleno, how did you get started?

M: Well I started off with a small diner. I did all the cooking myself and my wife waited on tables. It was really too much work for two people. My cooking is great. And word got around town about the food. Within a year, I had to hire another cook and four waitresses. When that restaurant became very busy, I decided to expand my business. Now with three places my main concern is keeping the business successful and running smoothly.

W: Do you advertise?

M: Oh yes. I don't have any TV commercials, because they are too expensive. But I advertise a lot on radio and in local newspapers. My children used to distribute ads. in nearby shopping centres, but we don't need to do that anymore.

W: Why do you believe you've been so successful?

M: Em, I always serve the freshest possible food and I make the atmosphere as comfortable and as pleasant as I can, so that my customers will want to come back.

W: So you always aim to please the customers?

M: Absolutely!Without them I would have no business at all.

W: Thank you Mr.Angeleno.I think your advice will be helpfull to those just staring out in business.

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

22 What is the woman's occupation

23 what do we learn about Mr.Angeleno's business at its beginning

24 what does Mr. Angeleno say about advertising his business.

25 What does the man say contribute to his success?

22. D) Hostess of the weekly “Business World”解析:从对话中可以听出,这是一个访谈节目,因此这个女性是节目主持人。

23. B) He and his wife did everything by themselves.解析:题目问的是,刚开始的时候,Angeleno的生意怎么样?对话中提到,I did all the cooking myself and my wife waited on tables. Angeleno负责做菜,他妻子负责接待,对应选项B。

24. B) He advertises a lot on radio and in newspapers.解析:从But I advertise a lot on radio and in local newspapers. 一句中,可以得到对应选项。

25. B) The restaurant atomsphere解析:题目问的是,什么有助于餐厅的成功?对话中提到,I always serve the freshest possible food and I make the atmosphere as comfortable and as pleasant as I can, so that my customers will want to come back. 可见,Angeleno会提供尽可能新鲜的食物和舒适的用餐环境以吸引顾客,因此,对应选项B,也许,有童鞋会问,为什么不选C?注意,C选项是指各种各样的食物,与文意中“新鲜的食物”不符,是错误选项。

这篇对话是一篇较为简单的访谈节目,主要涉及一些细节问题,其中,关键细节包括餐馆经营情况,广告宣传情况等,也是考点所在。童鞋们在听时,可以相应地做些简单的笔记,从而准确地选出选项。

Section B

Passage One

There are many commonly held beliefs about eye glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts. For instance, some people believe that wearing glasses too soon weakens the eyes. But there is no evidence to show that the structure of eyes is changed by wearing glasses at a young age. Wearing the wrong glasses, however, can prove harmful. Studies show that for adults there is no danger, but children can develop loss of vision if they have glasses inappropriate for their eyes.We have all heard some of the common myths about how eyesight gets bad. Most people believe that reading in dim light causes poor eyesight, but that is untrue. Too little light makes the eyes work harder, so they do get tired and strained. Eyestrain also results from reading a lot, reading in bed, and watching too much television. However, although eyestrain may cause some pain or headaches, it does not permanently damage eyesight.

Another myth about eyes is that they can be replaced, or transferred from one person to another. There are close to one million nerve fibres that connect the eyeball to the brain, as of yet it is impossible to attach them all in a new person. Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced. But if we keep clearing up the myths and learning more about the eyes, some day a full transplant may be possible.

听力点睛:本文主要介绍关于纠正一些对眼镜及视力的常识的错误认识。注意文章首句"There are many commonly held beliefs about eye glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts." 通常这种文章首句就是主旨句。这是做听力短文题必须要高度关注的。接下去可以推测下面内容必然围绕主题句展开,通过举例等来论证作者要表明的观点。所以听的时候也要高度专注那些关键词句,如for instance, however, but, evidence, although, Studies show that...这些关键词句后面的内容是听力常考的地方。最后文章给出一个总结句呼吁人们破除固有的一些认识,去更多了解我们的眼睛,头尾呼应。

26. What does the speaker want to tell us about eyesight?

答案:C)There are many false notions about it.解析:从"eyesight" 可以把答案定位于第一段,关键词有"weakens the eyes" "loss of vision". 注意题目中是问speaker要告诉我们的,所以不要被some people believe...误导,看清题目要问什么很重要。容易混淆的是A选项,文中提到如果孩子戴不合适的眼镜会使孩子的视力减弱,但并没有提到孩子经常忽视保护视力。B、D选项文中没有提及,可以排除。

27. What do studies about wearing the wrong glasses show?

答案:C)It can lead to the loss of vision in children.解析:本题关键词是"studies" "wearing the wrong glasses". 文章中作者很明显地给出了"Studies show that for adults..." 因此了解这个后面的内容,做出本题难度不大。文中说到 "for adults there is no danger" ,因此排除B选项。"there is no evidence... the structure of eyes is changed" "it does not permanently damage eyesight"可以排除D选项,注意如果漏听了no,很可能就会选错。A选项前文没有提及,可以排除。

28.What do we learn about eye transplanting from the talk?

答案:D)It can only be partly accomplished now.解析:本题关键词"eye transplanting",迅速定位于听力后面部分。A、B、C选项文中没有提及,排除。文章最后部分"Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced" "Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced"可以推断出答案是D选项。

Passage Two

When people care for an elderly relative, they often do not use available community services such as adult daycare centers. If the caregivers are adult children, they are more likely to use such services, especially because they often have jobs and other responsibilities. In contrast, a spouse usually the wife, is much less likely to use support services or to put the dependent person in a nursing home. Social workers discover that the wife normally tries to take care of her husband herself for as long as she can in order not to use up their life savings. Researchers have found that caring for the elderly can be a very positive experience. The elderly appreciated the care and attention they received. They were affectionate and cooperative. However, even when caregiving is satisfying, it is hard work. Social workers and experts on aging offer caregivers and potential caregivers help when arranging for the care of an elderly relative. One consideration is to ask parents what they want before they become sick or dependent. Perhaps they prefer going into a nursing home and can select one in advance. On the other hand, they may want to live with their adult children. Caregivers must also learn to state their needs and opinions clearly and ask for help from others especially brothers and sisters. Brothers and sisters are often willing to help, but they may not know what to do

Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29. Why are adult children more likely to use community services to help care for elderly parents?

答案:D)They have jobs and other commitments.解析:细节题。本题询问原因,文章开头很快就给出了本题答案"because they often have jobs and other responsibilities." 注意D选项中的commitments的意思是 “承诺,保证;承担义务”和responsibilities意思相近。这也是四级考试中常见的选项设置,用同义词或近义词替换掉文中的词汇。这要求考试在备考时,重点词汇及其同义词反义词都要有所了解。其他选项文中没有提及,可排除。

30. Why are most wives unwilling to put their dependent husbands into nursing homes?

答案:A) They don't want to use up all their life savings.

解析:细节题。关键词"wives"" husbands"。本题不难,文章中已经直接给出答案" in order not to use up their life savings"。

31. According to the passage, what must caregivers learn to do?

答案:C)Be frank and seek help from others.解析:关键词"caregivers""learn to do",问看护人应该要学会做的事情,然后迅速定位于最后部分,"One consideration is to ask...","Caregivers must also learn to state..."主要有两件事情,C选项是其中一个,另外一个选项中没有,排除A、B和D选项。

Passage Three

Since a union representative visited our company to inform us about our rights and protections. My coworkers have been worrying about health conditions and complaining about safety hazards in the workplace. Several of the employees in the computer department, for example, claim to be developing vision problems from having to stare at a video display terminal for about 7 hours a day. The supervisor of the laboratory is beginning to get headaches and dizzy spells because she says it's dangerous to breathe some of the chemical smoke there. An X-rays technician is refusing to do her job until the firm agrees to replace its out-dated equipment. She insists that it's exposing workers to unnecessarily high doses of radiation. She thinks that she may have to contact the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and asked that government agency to inspect the department. I've heard that at a factory in the area two pregnant women who were working with paint requested a transfer to a safer department, because they wanted to prevent damage to their unborn babies. The supervisor of personnel refused the request. In another firm the workers were constantly complaining about the malfunctioning heating system, but the owners was too busy or too mean to do anything about it. Finally, they all met an agree to wear ski-clothing to work the next day. The owner was too embarrassed to talk to his employees. But he had the heating system replaced right away.

Questions 32- 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32 What does the talk focus on?

A) Health and safety conditions in workplace.解析:主旨题。本题简单,了解了文章主要内容后,就可以直接选出答案。注意不要被文章中员工们得对工作环境的complaints影响而混淆了。

33 What did the X-ray technician ask her company to do?

Replace its out-dated equipments.

答案:A)Replace its out-dated equipments.解析:细节题。作者有直接读出答案,比较简单。

34 What does the speaker say about the two pregnant women working with paint?

A) They requested to transfer to a safer department.

答案:A) They requested to transfer to a safer department.解析:细节题。作者有直接读出答案,比较简单。注意选B选项的同学可能犯了想当然的错误。做题还是要按照文章的事实根据来。

35 Why did the workers in the firm wear ski-clothing to work?

C) To protest against the poor working conditions.

答案:C)To protest against the poor working conditions.解析:推理题。本题容易误选D选项。因为是heating system出了故障。但通过下文"too embarrassed""had the heating system replaced right away" 从老板的反应及采取的措施可以推断出,员工们穿滑雪服地原因其实为对差的工作环境向老板提出抗议。

Section C Compound Dictation

Contrary to the old warning that time waits for no one, time slows down when you are on the move. It also slows down more as you move faster, which means astronauts(宇航员) some day may survive so long in space that they would return to an earth of the distant future. If you could move at the speed of light, your time would stand still, if you could move faster than light, your time would move backward.

Although no form of matter yet discovered, moves as fast as or faster than light, scientific experiments has already confirmed that accelerated motion causes a traveler's time to be stretched. Albert Einstein predicted this in 1905, when he introduced the concept of relative time as part of his special theory of relativity. A search is now under way to confirm the suspected existence of particles of matter that move at a speed greater than light, and therefore, might serve as our passports to the past. An obsession with time - saving, gaining, wasting, losing and mastering it - seems to have been a part of humanity for as long as human have existed. Humanity also has been obsessed with trying to capture the meaning of time. Einstein used a definition of time for experimental purposes, as that which is measured by a clock. Thus time and time's relativity are measurable by any hour glass, alarm clock, or atomic clock that can measure a billionth of a second.

本文提要:

本篇属于科技类文章,主要围绕时间和运动的关系展开;用谚语开篇引出全文,很有吸引力。中间引用爱因斯坦的相对论相关概念,具体阐述主题。
感谢大耳朵网友“陈伊木”提供的听力原文 2011年6月四级听力真题 Part III Listening Comprehension Section A 11. A) He is careless about his appearance. B) He is ashamed of his present condition. C) He changes jobs frequently. D) He shaves other day. 12. A) Jane may be caught in a traffic jam. B) Jane should have started a little earlier. C) He knows what sort of person Jane is. D) He is irritated at having to wait for Jane. 13. A) Training for the Mid-Atlantic Championships. B) Making preparations for a trans-Atlantic trip. C) Collecting information about baseball games. D) Analyzing their rivals' on-field performance. 14. A) He had a narrow escape in a car accident. B) He is hospitalized for a serious injury. C) He lost his mother two weeks ago. D) He has been having a hard time. 15. A) The woman has known the speaker for a long time. B) The man had difficulty understanding the lecture. C) The man is making a fuss about nothing. D) The woman thinks highly of the speaker. 16. A) He has difficulty making sense of logic. B) Statistics and logic are both challenging subjects. C) The woman should seek help from the tutoring service. D) Tutoring services are very popular with students. 17. A) Her overcoat is as stylish as Jill's. C) Jill wore the overcoat last week. B) Jill missed her class last week. D) She is in the same class as the man. 18. A) A computer game. C) An exciting experience. B) An imaginary situation. D) A vacation by the sea. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. A) Beautiful scenery in the countryside. C) Pain and pleasure in sports. B) Dangers of cross-country skiing. D) A sport he participates in. 20. A) He can't find good examples to illustrate his point. B) He can't find a peaceful place to do the assignment. C) He doesn't know how to describe the beautiful country scenery. D) He can't decide whether to include the effort part of skiing. 21. A) New ideas come up as you write. B) Much time is spent on collecting data. C) A lot of effort is made in vain. D) The writer's point of view often changes. Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 22. A) Journalist of a local newspaper. B) Director of evening radio programs. C) Producer of television commercials. D) Hostess of the weekly "Business World". 23. A) He ran three restaurants with his wife's help. B) He and his wife did everything by themselves. C) He worked both as a cook and a waiter. D) He hired a cook and two local waitresses. 24. A) He hardly needs to do any advertising nowadays. B) He advertises a lot on radio and in newspapers. C) He spends huge sums on TV commercials every year. D) He hires children to distribute ads in shopping centers. 25. A) The restaurant location. C) The food variety. B) The restaurant atmosphere. D) The food price. Section B Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26.A)Its protection is often neglected by children. B) It cannot be fully restored once damaged. C) There are many false notions about it. D) There are various ways to protect it. 27. A) It may make the wearer feel tired. B) It will gradually weaken the eyes of adults. C) It can lead to the loss of vision in children. D) It can permanently change the eye structure. 28. A) It can never be done even with high technology. B) It is the best way to restore damaged eyesight. C)It is a major achievement in eye surgery. D) It can only be partly accomplished now. Passage Two Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29. A) They think they should follow the current trend. B) Nursing homes are well-equipped and convenient. C) Adult day-care centers are easily accessible. D) They have jobs and other commitments. 30. A) They don't want to use up all their life savings. B) They fear they will regret it afterwards. C) They would like to spend more time with them. D) They don't want to see their husbands poorly treated. 31. A) Provide professional standard care. C) Be frank and seek help from others. B) Be affectionate and cooperative. D) Make full use of community facilities. Passage ThreeQuestions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 32. A) Health and safety conditions in the workplace. B) Rights and responsibilities of company employees. C) Common complaints made by office workers. D) Conflicts between labor and management. 33. A) Replace its out-dated equipment. B) Improve the welfare of affected workers. C) Follow government regulations strictly. D) Provide extra health compensation. 34. A) They requested to transfer to a safer department. B) They quit work to protect their unborn babies. C) They sought help from union representatives. D) They wanted to work shorter hours. 35. A) To show how they love winter sports. B) To attract the attention from the media. C) To protest against the poor working conditions. D) To protect themselves against the cold weather. Section C Contrary to the old warning that time waits for no one, time slows down when you are on the move. It also slows down more as you move faster, which means astronauts (宇航员) someday may (36) _____ so long in space that they would return to an Earth of the (37) _____ future. If you could move at the speed of light, your time would stand still. If you could move faster than light, your time would move (38) _____.Although no form of matter yet (39) _____ moves as fast as or faster than light, (40) _____ experiments have already confirmed that accelerated (41) _____ causes a traveler's time to be stretched. Albert Einstein (42) _____ this in 1905, when he (43) _____ the concept of relative time as part of his Special Theory of Relativity. A search is now under way to confirm the suspected existence of particles of matter (44) ____________________________________.An obsession (沉迷) with time – saving, gaining, wasting, losing, and mastering it – (45) ____________________________________. Humanity also has been obsessed with trying to capture the meaning of time. Einstein (46) ____________________________________. Thus, time and time's relativity are measurable by any hourglass, alarm clock, or an atomic clock that can measure a billionth of a second. 听力参考答案 11.A.M: Shawn's been trying for months to find a job. But I wonder how he could get a job when he looks like that. W: Oh, that poor guy! He really should shave himself every other day at least and put on something clean. Q: What do we learn about Shawn?解析:男生首先对肖恩能否找到工作表示怀疑,因为他邋遢。女生接着提到肖恩不修边幅,又说他应该每隔一天刮一次胡子,把自己弄得整洁干净一点。由此可知,肖恩是一个对仪容仪表不太注重,比较粗线条的人shave,刮胡子;be careless about不在乎,不介意; 12.A.W: I wish Jane would call when she know she'll be late. This is not the first time we've had to wait for her. M: I agree. But she does have to drive through very heavy traffic to get here. Q: What does the man imply?解析:本题是推理题,在做题时要注意仔细推敲。女生说:“Jane已经不是第一次迟到让我们等了,我希望她能事先打电话告诉我们一下”,可见女生对Jane迟到的作法是不满的。男生又说:“I agree. But she does have to drive through very heavy traffic to get here.”(我同意。但是她到这里的确要遭受很拥堵的交通。)由此得出,男生对此事的态度是理解或宽容的。Jane可能被堵在半路了。 13.A.M: Congratulations! I heard your baseball team is going to the Middle Atlantic Championship. W: Yeah, we're all working real hard right now! Q: What is the woman's team doing?解析:对话开头男生提到女生所在的棒球队要参加Mid-Atlantic Championship.女生说:“we're all working real hard right now!”(我们现在正紧锣密鼓地练习呢!)由此可知,女生所在的棒球队正在进行赛前训练。此题还有一个迷惑选项B, Making preparations for a trans-Atlantic trip,必须注意的是:这里并不是准备旅行,而是准备参赛。 14.D.W: John's been looking after his mother in the hospital. She was injured in a car accident two weeks ago and still in critical condition. M: Oh, that's terrible. And you know his father passed away last year. Q: What do we learn about John?解析:根据听力原文可知,“John's mother is in the hospital and his father died last year.”(约翰的母亲出车祸住院了,父亲两年前也过世了)由此可见,John的近况还是蛮悲惨的;答案也就显而易见了。 15.D.M: What a boring speaker! I can hardly stay awake. W: Well, I don't know. In fact, I think it's been a long time since I've heard anyone is good. Q: What do we learn from the conversation?解析:根据听力原文可知,男生觉得演讲无趣,女生却很淡定地说:“其实我已经很久没有听到那么好的发言了”。由此可见,女生对发言还是很肯定的。选项D中“thinks highly of”即“对…评价高”,故D是正确答案。 16.C.W: I'm having a lot of trouble with logic and it seems my professor can't explain it in a way that makes sense to me. M: You know, there is a tutoring service on campus. I was about to drop statistics before they helped me out. Q: What does the man mean?解析:首先女生说她逻辑学得很辛苦,接受不了老师的讲课方式也理解不了课程内容。而后男生说学校有辅导班,他在参加之前几乎要挂科了,辅导班帮了他大忙。言下之意是推荐女生也去上辅导班。 17.C.M: This is a stylish overcoat. I saw you wearing it last week, did't I? W: Oh, that wasn't me. That was my sister Jill. She's in your class. Q: What does the woman mean?解析:首先男生问女生上周是否穿过拉风外套,然后女生说:“ That was my sister Jill. She's in your class.”(那是我姐姐Jill,她和你同班)也就是说男生很有可能看到的那个穿着拉风外套的人是女生的姐姐Jill。 18.B.M: Jane, suppose you lost all your money while taking a vacation overseas, what would you do? W: Well, I guess I'd sell my watch or computer or do some odd jobs till I could afford a return plane ticket. Q: What are the speakers talking about?解析:根据原文录音可知,对话开头男生讲到:“Jane, suppose you lost all your money while taking a vacation overseas, what would you do? ”这里的"suppose"表明“假定、料想”由此可见,两人谈论的是一个虚拟场景 Conversation one 听力原文M: Hello, professor Johnson. W: Hello, Tony. So what shall we work on today? M: Well, the problem is that this writing assignment isn't coming out right. What I thought I was writing on was to talk about what particular sport means to me when I participate in, W: What sport did you choose? M: I decided to write about cross-country skiing. W: What are you going to say about skiing? M: That's the problem. I thought I would write about how peaceful it is to be out in the country. W: So why is that a problem? M: As I start describing how quiet it is to be out in the woods. I keep mentioning how much effort it takes to keep going. Cross-country skiing isn't as easy as some people think. It takes a lot of energy, but that's not part of my paper. So I guess I should leave it out. But now I don't know how to explain that feeling of peacefulness without explaining how hard you have to work for it. It all fits together. It's not like just sitting down somewhere and watching the clouds roll by. That's different. W: Then you'll have to include that in your point. The peacefulness of cross-country skiing is the kind you earn by effort. Why leave that out? Part of your point you knew before hand but part you discovered as you wrote. That's common, right? M: Yeah, I guess so. Q19: What is the topic of the man's writing assignment? Q20: What problem does the man have while working on his paper? Q21: What does the woman say is common in writing papers? 19. D) A sport he participates in解析:题目问的是,男生论文的主题是什么,从talk about what particular sport means to me when I participate in一句中,可得对应选项D。C选项是一个干扰项,pain and pleasure in sports, 意为运动中的痛苦与快乐,其中sports一词范围太大,对话中只谈到了cross-country skiing, 因此,C选项错。 20. D) He can't decide whether to include the effort part of skiing.解析:当男生打算将越野滑雪的艰辛剔除出论文时,教授说了一句“Then you'll have to include that in your point.”对应选项D 21. A) New ideas come up as you write.解析:在对话的最后,教授提到“Part of your point you knew before hand but part you discovered as you wrote. That's common, right?”这句话意思是说,在写论文之前,论点的一部分我们已经有了,但另一部分在写的过程中才会发现,因此,对应选项A。A选项与D选项较易混淆,但从教授的话中,我们可以看出,不是论点发生变化,而是在写作过程中,会有新的想法产生。 Conversation Two W: Good evening and welcome to this week's Business World. It program for and about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Angeleno who came to the US six years ago, and is now an established businessman with three restaurants in town.Tell us Mr. Angeleno, how did you get started? M: Well I started off with a small diner. I did all the cooking myself and my wife waited on tables. It was really too much work for two people. My cooking is great. And word got around town about the food. Within a year, I had to hire another cook and four waitresses. When that restaurant became very busy, I decided to expand my business. Now with three places my main concern is keeping the business successful and running smoothly. W: Do you advertise? M: Oh yes. I don't have any TV commercials, because they are too expensive. But I advertise a lot on radio and in local newspapers. My children used to distribute ads. in nearby shopping centres, but we don't need to do that anymore. W: Why do you believe you've been so successful? M: Em, I always serve the freshest possible food and I make the atmosphere as comfortable and as pleasant as I can, so that my customers will want to come back. W: So you always aim to please the customers? M: Absolutely!Without them I would have no business at all. W: Thank you Mr.Angeleno.I think your advice will be helpfull to those just staring out in business. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 22 What is the woman's occupation 23 what do we learn about Mr.Angeleno's business at its beginning 24 what does Mr. Angeleno say about advertising his business. 25 What does the man say contribute to his success? 22. D) Hostess of the weekly “Business World”解析:从对话中可以听出,这是一个访谈节目,因此这个女性是节目主持人。 23. B) He and his wife did everything by themselves.解析:题目问的是,刚开始的时候,Angeleno的生意怎么样?对话中提到,I did all the cooking myself and my wife waited on tables. Angeleno负责做菜,他妻子负责接待,对应选项B。 24. B) He advertises a lot on radio and in newspapers.解析:从But I advertise a lot on radio and in local newspapers. 一句中,可以得到对应选项。 25. B) The restaurant atomsphere解析:题目问的是,什么有助于餐厅的成功?对话中提到,I always serve the freshest possible food and I make the atmosphere as comfortable and as pleasant as I can, so that my customers will want to come back. 可见,Angeleno会提供尽可能新鲜的食物和舒适的用餐环境以吸引顾客,因此,对应选项B,也许,有童鞋会问,为什么不选C?注意,C选项是指各种各样的食物,与文意中“新鲜的食物”不符,是错误选项。 这篇对话是一篇较为简单的访谈节目,主要涉及一些细节问题,其中,关键细节包括餐馆经营情况,广告宣传情况等,也是考点所在。童鞋们在听时,可以相应地做些简单的笔记,从而准确地选出选项。 Section B Passage One There are many commonly held beliefs about eye glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts. For instance, some people believe that wearing glasses too soon weakens the eyes. But there is no evidence to show that the structure of eyes is changed by wearing glasses at a young age. Wearing the wrong glasses, however, can prove harmful. Studies show that for adults there is no danger, but children can develop loss of vision if they have glasses inappropriate for their eyes.We have all heard some of the common myths about how eyesight gets bad. Most people believe that reading in dim light causes poor eyesight, but that is untrue. Too little light makes the eyes work harder, so they do get tired and strained. Eyestrain also results from reading a lot, reading in bed, and watching too much television. However, although eyestrain may cause some pain or headaches, it does not permanently damage eyesight. Another myth about eyes is that they can be replaced, or transferred from one person to another. There are close to one million nerve fibres that connect the eyeball to the brain, as of yet it is impossible to attach them all in a new person. Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced. But if we keep clearing up the myths and learning more about the eyes, some day a full transplant may be possible. 听力点睛:本文主要介绍关于纠正一些对眼镜及视力的常识的错误认识。注意文章首句"There are many commonly held beliefs about eye glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts." 通常这种文章首句就是主旨句。这是做听力短文题必须要高度关注的。接下去可以推测下面内容必然围绕主题句展开,通过举例等来论证作者要表明的观点。所以听的时候也要高度专注那些关键词句,如for instance, however, but, evidence, although, Studies show that...这些关键词句后面的内容是听力常考的地方。最后文章给出一个总结句呼吁人们破除固有的一些认识,去更多了解我们的眼睛,头尾呼应。 26. What does the speaker want to tell us about eyesight? 答案:C)There are many false notions about it.解析:从"eyesight" 可以把答案定位于第一段,关键词有"weakens the eyes" "loss of vision". 注意题目中是问speaker要告诉我们的,所以不要被some people believe...误导,看清题目要问什么很重要。容易混淆的是A选项,文中提到如果孩子戴不合适的眼镜会使孩子的视力减弱,但并没有提到孩子经常忽视保护视力。B、D选项文中没有提及,可以排除。 27. What do studies about wearing the wrong glasses show? 答案:C)It can lead to the loss of vision in children.解析:本题关键词是"studies" "wearing the wrong glasses". 文章中作者很明显地给出了"Studies show that for adults..." 因此了解这个后面的内容,做出本题难度不大。文中说到 "for adults there is no danger" ,因此排除B选项。"there is no evidence... the structure of eyes is changed" "it does not permanently damage eyesight"可以排除D选项,注意如果漏听了no,很可能就会选错。A选项前文没有提及,可以排除。 28.What do we learn about eye transplanting from the talk? 答案:D)It can only be partly accomplished now.解析:本题关键词"eye transplanting",迅速定位于听力后面部分。A、B、C选项文中没有提及,排除。文章最后部分"Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced" "Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced"可以推断出答案是D选项。 Passage Two When people care for an elderly relative, they often do not use available community services such as adult daycare centers. If the caregivers are adult children, they are more likely to use such services, especially because they often have jobs and other responsibilities. In contrast, a spouse usually the wife, is much less likely to use support services or to put the dependent person in a nursing home. Social workers discover that the wife normally tries to take care of her husband herself for as long as she can in order not to use up their life savings. Researchers have found that caring for the elderly can be a very positive experience. The elderly appreciated the care and attention they received. They were affectionate and cooperative. However, even when caregiving is satisfying, it is hard work. Social workers and experts on aging offer caregivers and potential caregivers help when arranging for the care of an elderly relative. One consideration is to ask parents what they want before they become sick or dependent. Perhaps they prefer going into a nursing home and can select one in advance. On the other hand, they may want to live with their adult children. Caregivers must also learn to state their needs and opinions clearly and ask for help from others especially brothers and sisters. Brothers and sisters are often willing to help, but they may not know what to do Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29. Why are adult children more likely to use community services to help care for elderly parents? 答案:D)They have jobs and other commitments.解析:细节题。本题询问原因,文章开头很快就给出了本题答案"because they often have jobs and other responsibilities." 注意D选项中的commitments的意思是 “承诺,保证;承担义务”和responsibilities意思相近。这也是四级考试中常见的选项设置,用同义词或近义词替换掉文中的词汇。这要求考试在备考时,重点词汇及其同义词反义词都要有所了解。其他选项文中没有提及,可排除。 30. Why are most wives unwilling to put their dependent husbands into nursing homes? 答案:A) They don't want to use up all their life savings. 解析:细节题。关键词"wives"" husbands"。本题不难,文章中已经直接给出答案" in order not to use up their life savings"。 31. According to the passage, what must caregivers learn to do? 答案:C)Be frank and seek help from others.解析:关键词"caregivers""learn to do",问看护人应该要学会做的事情,然后迅速定位于最后部分,"One consideration is to ask...","Caregivers must also learn to state..."主要有两件事情,C选项是其中一个,另外一个选项中没有,排除A、B和D选项。 Passage Three Since a union representative visited our company to inform us about our rights and protections. My coworkers have been worrying about health conditions and complaining about safety hazards in the workplace. Several of the employees in the computer department, for example, claim to be developing vision problems from having to stare at a video display terminal for about 7 hours a day. The supervisor of the laboratory is beginning to get headaches and dizzy spells because she says it's dangerous to breathe some of the chemical smoke there. An X-rays technician is refusing to do her job until the firm agrees to replace its out-dated equipment. She insists that it's exposing workers to unnecessarily high doses of radiation. She thinks that she may have to contact the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and asked that government agency to inspect the department. I've heard that at a factory in the area two pregnant women who were working with paint requested a transfer to a safer department, because they wanted to prevent damage to their unborn babies. The supervisor of personnel refused the request. In another firm the workers were constantly complaining about the malfunctioning heating system, but the owners was too busy or too mean to do anything about it. Finally, they all met an agree to wear ski-clothing to work the next day. The owner was too embarrassed to talk to his employees. But he had the heating system replaced right away. Questions 32- 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 32 What does the talk focus on? A) Health and safety conditions in workplace.解析:主旨题。本题简单,了解了文章主要内容后,就可以直接选出答案。注意不要被文章中员工们得对工作环境的complaints影响而混淆了。 33 What did the X-ray technician ask her company to do? Replace its out-dated equipments. 答案:A)Replace its out-dated equipments.解析:细节题。作者有直接读出答案,比较简单。 34 What does the speaker say about the two pregnant women working with paint? A) They requested to transfer to a safer department. 答案:A) They requested to transfer to a safer department.解析:细节题。作者有直接读出答案,比较简单。注意选B选项的同学可能犯了想当然的错误。做题还是要按照文章的事实根据来。 35 Why did the workers in the firm wear ski-clothing to work? C) To protest against the poor working conditions. 答案:C)To protest against the poor working conditions.解析:推理题。本题容易误选D选项。因为是heating system出了故障。但通过下文"too embarrassed""had the heating system replaced right away" 从老板的反应及采取的措施可以推断出,员工们穿滑雪服地原因其实为对差的工作环境向老板提出抗议。 Section C Compound Dictation Contrary to the old warning that time waits for no one, time slows down when you are on the move. It also slows down more as you move faster, which means astronauts(宇航员) some day may survive so long in space that they would return to an earth of the distant future. If you could move at the speed of light, your time would stand still, if you could move faster than light, your time would move backward. Although no form of matter yet discovered, moves as fast as or faster than light, scientific experiments has already confirmed that accelerated motion causes a traveler's time to be stretched. Albert Einstein predicted this in 1905, when he introduced the concept of relative time as part of his special theory of relativity. A search is now under way to confirm the suspected existence of particles of matter that move at a speed greater than light, and therefore, might serve as our passports to the past. An obsession with time - saving, gaining, wasting, losing and mastering it - seems to have been a part of humanity for as long as human have existed. Humanity also has been obsessed with trying to capture the meaning of time. Einstein used a definition of time for experimental purposes, as that which is measured by a clock. Thus time and time's relativity are measurable by any hour glass, alarm clock, or atomic clock that can measure a billionth of a second. 本文提要: 本篇属于科技类文章,主要围绕时间和运动的关系展开;用谚语开篇引出全文,很有吸引力。中间引用爱因斯坦的相对论相关概念,具体阐述主题。
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