CET4练口语记单词lesson01

ffhappy 2006-03-02 5805 阅读
分享

A 字部

A: You’re going to abandon me, just like that?

B: I’m sorry, but I’ve got an important job to do.

abandon

vt. 1.离弃,丢弃;2.遗弃,抛弃;3.放弃

abandon oneself to 沉溺于

with abandon 1.放任地,放纵地;2.纵情地

A: I think it’s important that all people have the ability to read.

B: I agree with you, but that’s easier said than done.

ability

n. 1.能力,本领;2.才能,才智

to the best of one’s ability 尽自己最大努力

A: How many passengers are there aboard the ship?

B: Seventy-six, I think.

aboard

prep. 在(船、飞机、车)上,上(船、飞机、车)

ad. 在船(或飞机、车)上,上船(或飞机、车)

A: Are you planning on studying abroad?

B: I’d like to, but I’m not sure if I’ll have enough money.

abroad

ad. 1.到国外,在国外;2.在传播,在流传

A: I noticed your absence in class this morning.

B: I’m sorry, I overslept.

absence

n. 1.缺席,不在;2.缺席的时间,外出期;3.缺乏,不存在

A: I can’t believe the boss was absent from today’s meeting.

B: Neither can I .

absent

a. 1.缺席的,不在场的;2.缺乏的,不存在的;3.心不在焉的,出神的

A: We have absolute proof that you committed the crime.

B: That’s absolutely ridiculous!

absolute

a. 1.十足的,道地的;2.绝对的,完全的;3.不受任何限制(或约束)的

A: This paper absorbs water so quickly!

B: Yes, it’s great for cleaning up spills.

absorb

vt. 1.吸收;2.吸引…的注意,使全神贯注;3.把…并入,同化

A: Why aren’t you doing well in the class?

B: The material is so abstract that I have trouble understanding it.

abstract

a. 1.抽象的;2.抽象派的

n. 1.摘要,梗概;2.抽象派艺术作品

vt. 1.做…的摘要;2.提取,抽取

in the abstract 抽象地,在理论上

A: Labor is an abundant resource here.

B: One of many abundant resources, I’d like to point out.

abundant

a. 1.大量的,充足的;2.(in)丰富的,富裕的

A: I hate to see the abuse of animals.

B: It makes me sick.

abuse

n. 1.滥用,妄用; 2.虐待,伤害; 3.辱骂,毁谤

vt. 1.滥用,妄用; 2.虐待,伤害; 3.辱骂,毁谤

A: I really dislike reading academic books.

B: That may be so, but reading them is an important way to expand your knowledge.

academic

a. 1.学校的,学院的;2.学术的;3.纯理论的,不切实际的

n. 大学教师

A: The academy is an important part of the education system.

B: I couldn’t agree with you more.

academy

n. 1.研究院,学会;2.(中等以上)专门学校

A: Look how fast that car can accelerate!

B: I’ve never seen anything like it .

accelerate

v. (使)加快,(使)增速

A: I’m sorry, I’m having a little trouble understanding your accent.

B:I’ll try to speak more clearly.

accent

n. 1.口音,腔调; 2.重音,重音符号

vt. 重读

A: How’s work?

B: I feel like I’m finally gaining my co-worker’s acceptance..

acceptance

n. 1.接受,接纳;2.赞同,承认;3.容忍

A: I wish I had access to the public library.

B: it’s easy! Just go and get a card.

access

n. 1.通道,入口;2.接近,进入;接近(或进入、享用)的机会

vt. 存取(计算机文件)

A: How did you two meet?

B:To tell you the truth, it was completely accidental.

accidental

a. 意外的,偶然(发生)的

A: What sort of accommodation can you supply for me?

B: We’ve got a beautiful two-room double with a bath an shower.

accommodation

n. [常pl.] 住处,膳宿

A: Would you be willing to accompany me to the party tonight?

B: Sure , I’d love to .

accompany

vt. 1.陪伴,陪同;2.伴随,和…一起发生;3.为…伴奏(或伴唱)

A: What kind of job do you think I should get?

B: It all depends on what you want to accomplish in your life.

accomplish

vt. 达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划、诺言等)

A: The numbers in this table don’t seem to be in accord with reality.

B: I know, but these are the figures that we came up with.

accord

n. 1.一致,符合;2.(尤指国与国之间的)谅解,协议

vi. (with)相符合,相一致,相和谐

vt. 授予,赠与,给予

of one’s own accord 出于自愿,主动地

in accord with 与…一致,与…相符合

with one accord 一致地,一致同意地

A: Why didn’t you sign the contract?

B: Because that company’s behavior is not in accordance with international law.

accordance

n. 一致,和谐,符合

in accordance with 与…一致,依照,根据

A: When should I make my presence known?

B: Wait for my instructions and then proceed accordingly

accordingly

ad. 1.照着,相应地;2.因此,所以,于是

A: Why are you holding me in this jail cell?

B: We’d like to hear your account of the events of last night.

account

n. 1.记述,描述,报告;2.帐,帐户;3.解释,说明

vi. 1.(for)说明…的原因,是…的原因;2.(在数量、比例方面)占

of no account 不重要的

on account of 为了…的缘故,因为,由于

on no account 绝不,绝对不

take account of 考虑到,顾及,体谅

take…into account 见take account of :考虑到,顾及,体谅

A: My accountant thinks she can save me lots of money on my taxes this year.

B: That sounds great!

accountant

n. 会计人员,会计师

A: You shouldn’t let the dirty dishes accumulate in the sick!

B: I know, I should wash them right away.

accumulate

vt. 堆积,积累,积聚

vi. 累积,聚积

A: When shooting a gun, accuracy is very important.

B: You only need to tell me that once.

accuracy

n. 准确(性),精确(性)

A: If the weatherman’s predictions are accurate, it should rain tomarrow.

B: I hope not. Then we’d have to reschedule our baseball game.

accurate

a. 1.正确无误的;2.准确的,精确的

A: How dare you accuse me of stealing your computer?

B: I’m sorry, but you were the only one who had access to it.

accuse

vt. 指控,控告,指责

A: I’m not really accustomed to the style of the new boss.

B: It’ll take us al some time to get used to the change.

accustomed

a. 1. (to)习惯于…的,适应了的;2. 通常的,惯常的

A: The new testing system rewards students based on achievement

B: Well, what was the old system like?

achievement

n. 1.成就,成绩;2.达到,完成,实现

A: Be careful! This acid can burn through your skin!

B: Maybe I should wear gloves.

acid

n. 酸,酸性物质

a. 1.酸的,酸味的;2.尖刻的,刻薄的

A: I’m so embarrassed that I don’t know what to do.

B: You should just acknowledge your mistake and move on.

acknowledge

vt. 1.承认,承认…的权威(或主张);2.告知收到,确认;3.对…表示谢忱,报偿

A: Was that your girlfriend?

B: No, we’re not even good friend. She’s really just an acquaitance

acquaintance

n. 1.相识的人,熟人;2.认识,相识,了解

A: What do you think is the best way to acquire knowledge about fishing?

B: Go fishing!

acquire

vt. 1.取得,获得;2.学到

A: The acquisition of wealth should not be the only goal of your life.

B: I know, but I still would have liked to have gotten a raise.

acquisition

n. 1.取得,获得,习得;2.获得物,增添的人(或物)

A: How many acres of land are you hoping to bay?

B: Anywhere between ten and twenty.

acre

n. 英亩

A: If you really like the girl, then you should take action

B: But I get nervous every time I talk to her .

action

n. 1.行动,行动过程;2.已做的事,行为;3.作用;4.情节

out of action 不(再)起作用,不(再)运转

A: What would you say is your favorite activity ?

B: I’d have to say bowling.

acrivity

n. 1.活动,行动;2.活跃,活力

A: Why do you think he is so successful?

B: His acute sense of reason puts him a level above everyone else.

acute

a. 1.严重的,激烈的;2.敏锐的;3.(疾病)急性的;4.尖的,锐的

A: That is the silliest ad I have every seen!

B: Why would anyone want to buy that product?

ad

n. 见advertisement

A: If you want to survive in this business, you’ve got to learn to how to adapt

B: I’m doing the best I can.

adapt

vt. 1.使适应,使适合;2.修改,改编

vi. (to) 适应

A: How are you going to have room for the new baby?

B: We’re going to build an addition onto our house.

addition

n. 1.加,加法;2.增加的人(或物)

in addition 另外,加之

in addition to 除…之外(还)

A: Do you have any additional questions?

B: No, thanks, you’ve answered them all.

additional

a. 添加的,额外的,另外的

A: If we can’t find adequate housing in the city, we’re going to have to move to another state.

B: That would really be a pit.

adequate

a. 1.充足的,足够的;2.适当的,胜任的

A: How was the concert?

B: I don’t know if I can even find the right adjective to describe it!

adjective

n. 形容词

A: I’m sure it’s just a matter of time before you find a job.

B: Maybe I need to adjust my attitude

adjust

vt. 1.校正,校准,调节;2.调节,改变…以适应

vi. (to) 适应

A: I’ve just about had it with the administration !

B: Really? What’s the problem?

administration

n. 1.管理,经营,支配;2.管理部门,行政机关,政府;3.实行,执行

A: I applied to six school, and got four offers of admission .

B: Congratulations!

admission

n. 1.准许进入,准许加入;2.入场费,入场券;3.承认,供认

A: I think maybe we should adopt a child.

B: I’m not sure if we can afford it.

adopt

vt. 1.收养;2.采取,采纳,采用;3.正式通过,批准

A: Sometimes I get tired of being an adult. And want to just play like a child.

B: I think we all feel that way sometimes.

adult

n. 成年人(或动物)

a. 1.成年的,充分长成的;2.成年人的,适宜于成年人的

A: Are you going to sign up for the advanced course, or the beginner one?

B: I think I might sign up for the intermediate course.

advanced

a. 1.超前的,先进的;2.高级的,高等的;3.年迈的,后阶段的

A: Why did your team lose the game?

B: They had a big advantage over us, being so much taller.

advantage

n. 1.优点,有利条件,有利因素;2.利益,好处

take advantage of 利用,占…的便宜

to advantage 有力地,使优点突出地

A: Do you know what an adverb is ?

B: I think I remember from school that it is usually a word that modifies a verb.

adverb

n. 副词

A: If we want our magazine to be successful, we need to find advertisers.

B: But who would want to advertise I a magazine about potatoes?

advertise

vt. 1.为…做广告,宣传;2.(在报刊,电视,广播等中)公告,告布

vi. 登广告,做广告,登公告

A: It’s imperative that we build our brand name.

B: Well, if we want to do that, we’re going to need a killer advertisement.

advertisement

n. 1.广告,公告,启事;2.广告活动,宣传

A: I’ve decided to quit my job.

B: I really don’t think that’s an advisable course of action.

advisable

a. 可取的,适当的,明智的

A: What did the doctor say?

B: She advocated that I quit smoking.

advocate

vt. 拥护,提倡,主张

n. 1.拥护者,提倡者;2.辩护者,律师

A: It’s important to remember that your own actions affect the lives of others.

B: Thanks for reminding me.

affect

v. 影响

A: Why do you think he ‘s angry all the time?

B: Maybe his mother didn’t show him enough affection when he was a child.

affection

n. 喜爱,感情,爱慕之情

A: So, you went to the concert. Then what?

B: Afterwards, he drove me home and kissed me goodnight.

afterward(s)

ad. 以后,过后,后来

A: Do you know of a good travel agency?

B: We were very happy with the one that organized our trip to the Bahamas

agency

n. 1.代理行,经销处;2.(政府等的)专业行政部门

A: Would you mind helping me plan the agenda for tomorrow’s meeting?

B: Sure, no problem.

agenda

n. 议事日程

A: What do you do for a living?

B: I’ve been a real estate agent for the past 15 years.

agent

n. 1.代理人,代理商,经纪人;2.政府特工人员,政府代表;3.动因,原因;4.剂

A: Why didn’t you hire the candidate from Michigan?

B: I was really turned off by his aggressive manner.

aggressive

a. 侵犯的,侵略的,挑衅的;2.敢作敢为的,有进取心的

A: This software has been a great aid in completing my homework.

B: It’s amazing what computers can do.

aid

n. 1.帮助,援助,救助;2.助手,辅助物,辅助手段

vt. 帮助,援助,救助

A: Before boarding the aircraft, remember to remove anything sharp from your luggage.

B: Don’t worry, I’ll remember.

aircraft

n. 飞机,航空器

A: Do you prefer to fly small airlines or large ones?

B: I fly whichever will sell me the cheapest ticket.

airline

n. [常pl.] 航空公司

A: I’m worried that my sickness will become serious.

B: Relax. A minor sore throat is no cause for alarm.

alarm

n. 1.惊恐,忧虑;2.警钟,报警器,闹钟;3.报警

vt. 使惊恐,使担心

A: Can I get you a beer?

B: No thanks. If I drink too much alcohol, my face turns red.

alcohol

n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精

A: Be sure to stay alert when you’re walking alone at night.

B: I’ll be fine. I’ve lived in the city all of my life.

alert

a. 警觉的,留神的,注意的

vt. 1.向…报警,使警惕;2.使认识到,使意识到

n. 1.警戒(状态),戒备(状态);2.警报

on the alert 警戒着,随时准备着,密切注意着

A: You two look almost exactly alike!

B: Well, we’re twins.

alike

a. 同样的,相象的

ad. 1.一样地,相似地;2.同样程度地

A: Exactly how is an alliance with their company in our best interests?

B: The chief advantage is that we can consolidate our production lines.

alliance

n. 结盟,联盟

A: Why should I give you a raise in your allowance?

B: Because I do more chores now than I used to .

allowance

n. 津贴,补贴,零用钱

make allowance(s) for 1.考虑到,顾及;2.体谅,原谅

A: They’ve been our allies for fifteen years, and I think we should help them

B: But sometimes you’ve got to abandon a sinking ship.

ally

n. 1.同盟国,同盟者;2.支持者

v. (使)结盟,(使)联合

A: How do I get to the bank?

B: Just follow the road that runs alongside the river.

alongside

ad. 在旁边,沿着边,并排地

prep. 1.在…旁边,沿着…的边;2.和…在一起

A: How many vowels are there in the English alphabet?

B: Five, I think.

alphabet

n. 字母表

A: I’m trying to find a way to alter my image.

B: You could start by cutting your hair.

alter

v. 改变,改动,变更

A: Isn’t there an alternative to moving to another country?

B: Not if we want to survive financially.

alternative

a. 1.两者择一的,供选择的,供替代的

n. 1.取舍,抉择,供选择的东西;2.选择的自由,选择的余地

A: I’m having a strong reaction to the high altitude of the mountain.

B: Rest for a few days, and I’m sure you’ll be fine.

altitude

n. 1.高度,海拔;2.[pl.]高处,高地

A: What are you going to do with all of those aluminum cans?

B: Recycle them.

aluminium = aluminum

n. 铝

A: You are quite the golfer!

B: I’m just an amateur, but I try to practice a lot.

amateur

n. 1.业余爱好者,业余运动员;2.外行,粗通某一行的人

a. 1.业余爱好的,业余(身份)的

A: This magician we’re going to see will amaze you with some of his tricks.

B: We’ll see. I’m not easily amazed.

amaze

vt. 使大为惊奇,惊愕

A: When you go abroad, you should remember that you’re acting as an ambassador for your county.

B: I’m not so sure about that. As far as I’m concerned, I’m just representing myself.

ambassador

n. 大使,使节,派驻国际组织的代表

A: I wish I still had the ambition of my youth.

B: I like you just the way you are.

ambition

n. 1.抱负,雄心,野心;2.企望得到的东西

A: If the ambulance had gotten here earlier, his life might have been saved.

B: Now is not the time to place blame.

ambulance

n. 救护车

A: I really hate him.

B: Amid all of the things you hate about him, he must have at least some qualities that you find endearing.

amid

prep. 在…中间,在…之中,被…围绕

A: What’s the best way to lose weight?

B: Just remember that what you eat is more important than the amount you eat.

amount

n. 1.量,数量,数额;2.总额,总数

vi. 1.(to)合计,共计;2.(在意义、价值面)等同,接近

A: I was just trying to amuse you .

B: Well, I didn’t think it was funny.

amuse

vt. 1.逗乐,逗笑;2.给…提供娱乐(或消遣)

A: What do you think about the country’s economic situation?

B: I’d really need to do some further analysis before I could give you an answer on that.

analysis

n. 分析,分析报告

A: If you had properly analyzed the situation a year ago, you might not be bankrupt today.

B: Thanks for the advice, but it comes a little too late.

analyse = analyze

vt. 分析,细察,细查

A: Where were your ancestors from?

B: They were from various different countries in Europe.

ancestor

n. 1.祖宗,祖先;2.原型,先驱

A: You’ve really been an anchor for me during this past year of hardship, and I want to say think you .

B: It’s been my pleasure.

anchor

n. 1.锚;2.给人安全感之物(或人)

vt. 1.抛(锚),泊(船);2.把…系住,使固定;3.担任(电视节目等的)主持人

vi. 1.抛锚,停泊;2.固定,扎根

A: Your car really looks ancient .

B: Well, at least it still runs.

ancient

a. 1.古代的,古老的;2.年老的,看上去很老的

A: I just can’t figure out how to save my marriage.

B: Maybe you should try looking at the situation from a different angle .

angle

n. 1.角,角度;2.观点,立场

vt. 1.把…放置成一个角度;2.使(新闻、报道等)带上倾向性

angle for 谋取,猎取

A: Why did you have to sit the game out.

B: I twisted my ankle in practice.

ankle

n. 踝,踝关节

A: Do you think what today is .

B: It’s our 50th wedding anniversary .

anniversary

n. 周年纪念(日)

A: Do you mind if I chew gum?

B: Actually it’s really starting to annoy me.

annoy

vt. 1.使恼怒,使烦恼;2.打扰,干扰

A: Are you going to go to Peter’s annual barbeque?

B: This year I’ve got to stay home with the kids.

annual

a. 每年的,年度的,一年一次的

n. 1.年报,年刊,年鉴;2.一年生的植物

A: I am so sick of having ants in the kitchen.

B: Maybe you should call the exterminator.

ant

n. 蚂蚁

A: I wish I could anticipate when it’s going to rain.

B: Why don’t you just watch the weather report on the news?

anticipate

vt. 1.预期,期望,预料;2.先于…行动,提前使用

A: This type of antique pot is very expensive.

B: Well, then I don’t think I can afford it.

antique

a. 古时的,古老的

n. 古物,古玩,古董

A: Whenever I have a math test, I have trouble controlling my anxiety.

B: Everybody’s nervous-you need to learn how to relax.

anxiety

n. 1.焦虑,挂虑;2.渴望,热望

A: Anyhow , you’re just as smart as he is .

B: I know that , but I still feel inferior sometimes.

anyhow

ad. 1.不管怎么说,无论如何,至少:2.不论用何种方法,无论从什么角度;3.随随便便地,杂乱无章地

A: You really shouldn’t have fallen asleep during the lecture.

B: Why not? I didn’t care what he was talking about anyway .

anyway

ad. 1.不管怎么说,无论如何,至少:2.不论用何种方法,无论从什么角度

A: Do you think it will be hard to be apart for so long?

B: Not as long as we remember that we love each other.

apart

ad. 1.[空间、时间方面]成距离,相间隔;2.分离,分开

a. 分离的,分隔的

apart from 1.除…之外(别无);2.除…之外(尚有)

A: What have you been up to for the past few days?

B: I’ve been trying to find an apartment in the city.

apartment

n. 一套公寓房间,房间

A: I think you owe me an apology .

B: What!? You’re the one who parked illegally.

apology

n. 道歉,认错,愧悔

A: Why do you want to a divorce?

B: It’s become quite apparent to me that you don’t care for me anymore.

apparent

n. 1.显然的,明白的,清晰可见的;2.表面上的,貌似(真实)的

A: That type of shoe just doesn’t appeal to me.

B: Say what you want, but I like them.

appeal

n. 1.呼吁,恳求;2.感染力,吸引力;3.申诉,上诉

vi. 1.呼吁,恳求;2.有吸引力,有感染力;3. 上诉,申诉;4.(to)诉诸,诉请裁决(或证实等)

vt. 将…上诉,将…移交上级法院审理

A: Why don’t we just stay home tonight?

B: I feel like we should at least make an appearance at the party.

appearance

n. 1.出现,显露,露面;2.外观,外貌,外表

to all appearances 就外表看来,根据观察推断

A: You don’t seem to have much of an appetite tonight.

B: Well, I had a big lunch.

appetite

n. 1.胃口,食欲;2.欲望

A: Why do you want to be an actor?

B: That’s easy. I crave the applause.

applause

n. 鼓掌,掌声

A: How is your new house coming along?

B: It’s completely furnished, except for the major appliances .

appliance

n. 器具,器械,装置

A: Your example sounds great, but it’s not applicable to the situation

B: I’m afraid I disagree with you on this one.

applicable

a. 1.可应用的,可实施的;2.适当的,合适的

A: Do you think I’ll get the job?

B: Well, you’re certainly not the most qualified applicant , but maybe they’ll hire you based on personality.

applicant

n. 申请人

A: Are you planning on applying for graduate school this year?

B: Not this year, but maybe the next.

apply

vi. 1.申请,请求;2.适用

vt. 1.适用,运用,实施;2.涂,敷,施

A: Who do you think the President should appoint as the new judge?

B: Anybody will be better than the last guy!

appoint

vt. 1.任命,委派;2.约定,确定,指定(时间、地点)

A: I’ve got an appointment at four, but I could meet you for dinner at six.

B: Okay, sounds great.

appointment

n. 1.约会,约定;2.任命,委派;3.委任的职位

A: I really appreciate all of your help.

B: That’s what friends are for.

appreciate

vt. 1.重视,赏识,欣赏;2.为…表示感激;3.(充分)意识到,领会,体会

vi. 增值

A: I really like her, but I’m not sure how to approach her.

B: Just walk up to her!

approach

v. 靠近,接近

n. 1.靠近,接近,临近;2.途径;3.方式,方法

A: Do you think this outfit is appropriate for the party?

B: The invitation said, “wear what you want.”

appropriate

a. 1.适当的,恰当的

vt. 1.私占,侵吞,挪用;2.拨出(款项等)供专用

A: Do you like having your own place?

B: Yes, I love it. I finally feel like I don’t need my mother’s approval .

approval

n. 1.赞成,同意;2.批准,认可

on approval (商品)供试用的,包退包换的

A: You should know that I don’t approve of your dropping out of school.

B: Do you think I care?

approve

vt. 1.赞成,同意;2.批准,核准,对…表示认可

vi. (of )赞成,称许

A: You don’t have to say exactly, just tell me your approximate age.

B: I’m around forty.

approximate

a. 大概的,大约的,近似的

vi. (to) 近似,接近

vt. 1.近似,接近,估计

A: I’m sorry you lost your job.

B: I never thought, after all my years at the company, that they’d dismiss me in such an arbitrary manner.

arbitrary

a. 随意的,任意的;2.专断的,武断的,专制的

A: What’s the first thing you’d do if you were going to build a house?

B: I’d find a good architect , of course.

architect

n. 建筑师,设计师,缔造者

A: I really hate the architecture of that building.

B: Well, to each his own. I kind of like it.

architecture

n. 1.建筑学,建筑术,建筑业;2.建筑式样,建筑风格

A: Look, I really don’t want to argue with you. Just give me the keys.

B: Not if my life depends on it.

argue

v. 争辩,争论,辩论,说服

A: Well, what are you going to do now?

B: To be honest, I never thought this kind of situation would arise .

arise

vt. 产生,出现,发生;2.(from)(由…)引起,(由…)产生,起源于;3.起身,起床

A: If you’re twenty five, and I’m ten years older than you, then how old am I?

B: I’m really bad at arithmetic !

arithmetic

n. 算术

A: If you don’t want to arouse any suspicion, you’d better hide in the closet.

B: Whatever you say.

arouse

vt. 1.引起,激起唤起;2.唤醒

A: Would you like to have your parents arrange your wedding?

F: Frankly, I’d rather do it myself.

arrange

vt. 1.安排,准备,筹备;2.整理,排列,布置

vi. 做安排,做准备,筹划

A: Which hotel will we be staying in?

B: That depends on what arrangements the travel agency has made.

arrangement

n. 1. [常pl.]安排,准备工作;2.整理,排列,布置

A: Since your arrest , do you feel that you’ve reformed?

B: Oh yes, certainly.

arrest

vt. 1.逮捕,拘留,扣留;2.停止,阻止;2.吸引

n. 逮捕,拘留,扣留

A: I’m so glad you’re okay.

B: It’s a good thing I ducked, or the arrow would have gone right through my head!

arrow

n. 1.箭,矢,箭状物;2.箭头符号

A: Would you like a jelly bean?

B: No thanks, I don’t eat anything with artificial coloring.

artificial

a. 1.人工的,人造的,人为的;2.假的,矫揉造作的,模拟的

A: Do you like my painting?

B: Yes, you’re so artistic !

artistic

a. 1.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;2.富有艺术性的,精美的,精彩的

A: How did you house burn down?

B: We left some hot ashes on the porch, and the whole house caught fire.

ash

n. 1.灰,灰烬;2.[pl.]骨灰,遗骸

A: I can’t figure out how to write the conclusion!

B: Why don’t you put the project aside for a few days, and come back to it later.

aside

ad. 在旁边,到(或向)一边

aside from 1.除…之外(别无);2.除…之外(尚有)

A: If you just focus on one aspect of the situation, your lecture might be easier to understand.

B: I know that, but I’m afraid I’d lose sight of the big picture.

aspect

n. 1.方面;2.(建筑物的)朝向,方向;3.面貌,外观

A: I’d like to buy this model for my son.

B: I should warn you that it might be too difficult for a child to assemble.

assemble

vi. 集合,聚集

vt. 1.集合,聚集,召集;2.装配

A: Unless the assembly approves the new regulations, we’re out of business.

B: I’ve got my fingers crossed.

assembly

n. 1.立法机构,议会;2.集会,集合,集会的人们;3.组装,装配

A: How would you assess the current state of our marriage?

B: Well, we’ve been through some rocky times, but right now we’re in pretty good shape.

assess

vt. 1.对…进行估价,确定…的数额;2.评价,评论

A: You’ve been a huge asset to the company over the years, but we’ve going to have to let you go.

B: I don’t believe this.

asset

n. 1.有价值的人(或物),优点,长处;2.[常pl.]资产,财产

A: Do you think the teacher will assign homework over the weekend?

B: I don’t see why he wouldn’t.

assign

vt. 1.指派,选派;2.指定(时间、地点等);3.分配,给予,布置(作业)

A: Have you finished the assignment I gave you?

B: Of course.

assignment

n. 1.(分派的)任务,(指定的)作业;2.分配,指派

A: Let me know if there’s any way I can assist you.

B: Thanks.

assist

n. 帮助,协助

A: If you need assistance , just give a yell.

B: I’m sure I’ll be fine.

assistance

n. 帮助,援助

A: I usually wouldn’t associate you with music, but you just did a great job singing that song.

B: Thanks!

associate

vt. 1.(在思想上)把…联系在一起;2.使联合,结合,使有联系

vi. (with)结交,交往

n. 伙伴,同事,合伙人

a. 副的

A: Before you move in, you need the approval of the Homeowner’s Association .

B: Do you think it will be a problem?

association

n. 1.协会,联盟,社团;2.联合,结合,交往

A: I assume you brought the video?

B: Yes, it’s right here.

assume

vt. 1.假定,假设,臆断,猜想;2.承担,担任,就职;3.呈现,具有,采取

A: I can tell just by looking at him that I won’t like him.

B: You shouldn’t make that sort of assumption about people.

assumption

n. 1.假定,臆断;2.担任,承担

A: I want to assure you that all of our wines are of the highest quality.

B: That’s good to know.

assure

vt. 1.使确信,使放心;2.确保,保证给

A: People today astonish me with their disregard for nature.

B: I guess they’re more concerned with making money than protecting the environment.

astonish

vt. 使惊讶

A: Why didn’t you play soccer with us?

B: I’ve never been much of an athlete .

athlete

n. 运动员,体育家

A: The atmosphere of a room really changes when she walks in.

B: Yes, she certainly has a powerful presence.

atmosphere

n. 1.大气,大气层;2.空气;3.气氛,环境

A: It’s hard to imagine that everything is make up of little tiny atoms.

B: And it’s even harder to imagine that every atom is made up of even smaller particles.

atom

n. 1.原子;2.微粒,微量

A: Atomic energy can help reduce our dependence on oil.

B: But it has dangerous side effects as well.

atomic

a. 1.(关于)原子的;2.原子能的,原子武器的

A: What should I do with my necklace when I’m not wearing it?

B: Why don’t you attach it to your backpack?

attach

vt. 1.系,贴,连接;2.使依恋,使喜爱;3.认为有(重要性,责任等);4.使附属

A: It’s difficult to attain such a high level of skill.

B: But they say that, with practice, anything is possible.

attain

vt. 达到,获得

A: If you don’t change your attitude , I’m leaving.

B: Go ahead and leave if you want.

attitude

n. 1.态度,看法;2.姿态,姿势

A: My attorney says I should plead guilty.

B: But you didn’t do anything!

attorney

n. 律师,(业务或法律事务上的)代理人

A: I’ve always had an attraction to politics.

B: Maybe you should run for office.

attraction

n. 1.吸引,吸引里,诱惑力;2.具有吸引力的事物(或人)

A: I think you’re very attractive .

B: I think you’re quite ugly.

attractive

a. 吸引的,有吸引力的,引起注意的

A: I attribute his lack of personality to my failure as a parent.

B: Don’t be so hard on yourself.

attribute

vt. (to) 把…归因于,把(过错、责任等)归于

n. 属性,特性

A: Why are you so sad? I thought it was a great show.

B: But half the audience left at intermission!

audience

n. 听众,观众,读者

A: The audio system in my car is nothing to get excited about.

B: At least it puts out sound, which is more than I can say about my car’s system.

audio

a. 听觉的,声音的

A: How do you know the author ?

B: We went to high school together.

author

n. 著作家,作者

A: I hate it when the students challenge my authority .

B: Well, kids will be kids.

authority

n. 1.权力,管辖权;2.[pl.]官方,当局;3.当权者,行政管理机构;4.权威,专家

A: I want to buy an automatic can opener.

B: Why don’t you just open the cans yourself?

automatic

a. 1.自动的;2.不假思索的,无意识的;3.必然的,自然的

n. 自动手枪(或步枪等),有自动装置的汽车

A: That is a fine-looking automobile .

B: Thank you.

automobile

n. 汽车

A: I want to buy some auxiliary speakers to supplement my existing sound system.

B: Do what you want, but I think it’s a waste of money.

auxiliary

a. 1.辅助的,补助的;2.备用的,后备的

A: Do you have any rooms available ?

B: I’m sorry, we’re all booked of tonight.

available

a. 1.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;2.可取得联系的,可得到的

A: I live on 15 Lawn Avenue.

B: Next to the Johnsons?

avenue

n. 林荫道,大街

A: I feel like you’ve been trying to avoid me.

B: That’s not true at all.

avoid

vt. 避免,预防,避开

A: Can I have a week to think about it?

B: Sure. I await your reply.

await

vt. 1.等候,期待,期望;2.将降临到…身上

A: It is my pleasure to award you with this trophy for academic excellence.

B: I’m honored to receive it.

award

vt. 1.授予,给予;2.判给,裁定

n. 奖,奖品,奖金

A: I wasn’t aware that you’ve been trying to reach me.

B: Well, I have been for the past fifteen days.

aware

a. 意识到的,知道的

A: How was the movie?

B: It was absolutely awful.

awful

a. 1.极坏的,令人不快的,可怕的;2.(感到)难过的,不舒服的;3.非常的,极大的

A: I really feel awkward when I play tennis.

B: Maybe you should get lessons?

awkward

a. 1.尴尬的,棘手的;2.难操纵的,使用不便的;3.笨拙的,不灵巧的

A: Are you going to cut the tree down with a chainsaw?

B: No, just my trusty ax .

ax(e)

n. 斧子

B 字部

A: Did you get the job?

B: No, they didn’t think I had the right background.

background

n. 1.出身背景,经历;2.背景资料;3.(画等的)背景,底子

A: Did you know that your shirt in on backwards?

B: Yes. I like to wear it this way.

backward

a. 1.向后的,反向的;2.落后的,进步慢的

ad. [-(s)] 1.向后,往回;2.朝反方向,倒

know…backward(s) 对...极其熟悉

A: What’s your favorite food?

B: I love to eat bacon.

bacon

n. 咸肉

A: Why won’t you drink the water?

B: I’m afraid of the bacteria that might be in it.

bacteria

n. 细菌

A: Why did you miss the plane?

B: My baggage was so heavy that I couldn’t lift it out of the car!

baggage

n. 行李

A: Be careful not to lose your balance!

B: Don’t worry about me.

balance

n. 1.平衡,均衡;2.天平,秤;3.结存,结欠

vt. 1.使平衡,使均衡;2.称;3.权衡,比较

in the balance (生命等)在危急状态中,(命运等)未定

off balance 不平衡

A: I’m looking for apartment with a large balcony.

B: I think we’ve got just the one for you.

balcony

n. 1.阳台;2.(电影院等的)楼厅,楼座

A: Oops, I just popped the balloon.

B: That’s OK, there are plenty more where that came from

balloon

n. 气球

A: Well, we’ve decided to ban smoking in the office.

B: That’s fine by me.

ban

vt. 1.取缔,查禁; 2.(from)禁止

n. 禁止,禁令

A: Would you like to start a band?

B: Sure, I’d love to.

band

n. 1.管乐队; 2.群,伙; 3.带,箍; 4.条纹; 5.波段,频带

vt. 用带绑扎

A: Did you just hear that loud bang?

B: Yes, I wonder what it was.

bang

n. 1.巨响,爆炸声; 2.猛击,猛撞

vi. 1.猛击,猛撞; 2.发出砰的一声,砰砰作响

vt. 砰地敲(或推,扔); 2.猛击,猛撞

A: I hate to inform you, but the company is going bankrupt.

B: Does this mean I’ll lose my job?

bankrupt

a. 1.破产的,彻底失败的; 2.彻底缺乏的

vt. 使破产,使枯竭

n. 破产者

A: I think we should hang a huge banner out in front of the school.

B: What a great idea.

banner

n. 1.横幅;2.旗帜.旗

A: Would you like to go to the bar tonight?

B: Sure. What time should we meet?

bar

n. 1.酒吧间,售酒(或食物等)的柜台;2.条,块; 3.(门窗等的)闩,栅栏

vt. 1.闩(门窗等),在…设栅栏; 2.阻止,阻拦; 3.阻塞,封锁(道路等)

behind bars 在狱中

A: The barber did a horrible job with my hair!

B: I don’t think is looks that bad.

barber

n. 理发师

A: My bare feet are freezing.

B: Why don’t you put some socks on?

bare

a. 1.赤裸的;2.光秃的,无遮盖的; 3.刚刚够的,勉强的

vt. 露出,暴露

A: I barely passed yesterday’s test.

B: You’re not the only one.

barely

ad. 仅仅,只不过,几乎不

A: That dog sure has a loud bark.

B: Yeah, I have to cover my ears every day when I walk by.

bark

vi. (狗等)吠,叫

n. 1.吠声,叫声; 2.树皮

A: Did you hear that the old barn burned down?

B: No! When did it happen?

barn

n. 谷仓,牲口棚

A: I’d like to buy a big barrel of oranges.

B: I’m sorry, but we don’t sell them by the barrel.

barrel

n. 1.桶;2.筒,枪(或炮)管

vi. 快速移动

A: Why did you return early from abroad?

B: I found that the language barrier was just too much for me.

barrier

n. 1.栅栏,关卡,检票口; 2.障碍,隔阂; 3.屏障

A: There’s nothing like a good game of baseball on a Saturday afternoon.

B: You’ve got that right.

baseball

n. 棒球

A: Basically, I just couldn’t handle the workload, so I dropped the class.

B: That’s too bad.

basically

ad. 基本上,从根本上说

A: On what basis are you making your claim?

B: I’m mainly basing my conclusions on the results of my research.

basis

n. 基础,根据,原则

A: Did you see that bat just flew by us?

B: Yeah. Its wings brushed right by my ear!

bat

n. 1.蝙蝠;2.球棒,球拍

A: The batteries on my CD player are dead.

B: Here, you can borrow some of mine.

battery

n. 1.电池(组),蓄电池(组);2.排炮,炮组; 3.一系列,一套

A: I wonder how many boats there are in the bay?

B: More than I can count, that’s for sure.

bay

n. 1.(海或湖泊的)湾; 2.(大厅等建筑物内的)分隔间

keephold sth. at bay 使无法近身

A: If you break the laser beam, then the alarm will go off.

B: Don’t worry, I’ll be careful.

beam

n. 1.(光线等;的)束,柱; 2.梁,横梁; 3.笑容,喜色

vi. 面露喜色

vt. 定向发出(无线电信号等),播送

A: I hate eating beans.

B: You should learn to like them, because they are a good source of protein.

bean

n. 豆

A: I want to grow a beard, but my wife thinks it’ll look ugly.

B: You need to do what’s right for you.

beard

n. 胡须

A: You can just look at him and tell that he has the bearing of a champion.

B: Well, he is a champion, after all.
A 字部 A: You’re going to abandon me, just like that? B: I’m sorry, but I’ve got an important job to do. abandon vt. 1.离弃,丢弃;2.遗弃,抛弃;3.放弃 abandon oneself to 沉溺于 with abandon 1.放任地,放纵地;2.纵情地 A: I think it’s important that all people have the ability to read. B: I agree with you, but that’s easier said than done. ability n. 1.能力,本领;2.才能,才智 to the best of one’s ability 尽自己最大努力 A: How many passengers are there aboard the ship? B: Seventy-six, I think. aboard prep. 在(船、飞机、车)上,上(船、飞机、车) ad. 在船(或飞机、车)上,上船(或飞机、车) A: Are you planning on studying abroad? B: I’d like to, but I’m not sure if I’ll have enough money. abroad ad. 1.到国外,在国外;2.在传播,在流传 A: I noticed your absence in class this morning. B: I’m sorry, I overslept. absence n. 1.缺席,不在;2.缺席的时间,外出期;3.缺乏,不存在 A: I can’t believe the boss was absent from today’s meeting. B: Neither can I . absent a. 1.缺席的,不在场的;2.缺乏的,不存在的;3.心不在焉的,出神的 A: We have absolute proof that you committed the crime. B: That’s absolutely ridiculous! absolute a. 1.十足的,道地的;2.绝对的,完全的;3.不受任何限制(或约束)的 A: This paper absorbs water so quickly! B: Yes, it’s great for cleaning up spills. absorb vt. 1.吸收;2.吸引…的注意,使全神贯注;3.把…并入,同化 A: Why aren’t you doing well in the class? B: The material is so abstract that I have trouble understanding it. abstract a. 1.抽象的;2.抽象派的 n. 1.摘要,梗概;2.抽象派艺术作品 vt. 1.做…的摘要;2.提取,抽取 in the abstract 抽象地,在理论上 A: Labor is an abundant resource here. B: One of many abundant resources, I’d like to point out. abundant a. 1.大量的,充足的;2.(in)丰富的,富裕的 A: I hate to see the abuse of animals. B: It makes me sick. abuse n. 1.滥用,妄用; 2.虐待,伤害; 3.辱骂,毁谤 vt. 1.滥用,妄用; 2.虐待,伤害; 3.辱骂,毁谤 A: I really dislike reading academic books. B: That may be so, but reading them is an important way to expand your knowledge. academic a. 1.学校的,学院的;2.学术的;3.纯理论的,不切实际的 n. 大学教师 A: The academy is an important part of the education system. B: I couldn’t agree with you more. academy n. 1.研究院,学会;2.(中等以上)专门学校 A: Look how fast that car can accelerate! B: I’ve never seen anything like it . accelerate v. (使)加快,(使)增速 A: I’m sorry, I’m having a little trouble understanding your accent. B:I’ll try to speak more clearly. accent n. 1.口音,腔调; 2.重音,重音符号 vt. 重读 A: How’s work? B: I feel like I’m finally gaining my co-worker’s acceptance.. acceptance n. 1.接受,接纳;2.赞同,承认;3.容忍 A: I wish I had access to the public library. B: it’s easy! Just go and get a card. access n. 1.通道,入口;2.接近,进入;接近(或进入、享用)的机会 vt. 存取(计算机文件) A: How did you two meet? B:To tell you the truth, it was completely accidental. accidental a. 意外的,偶然(发生)的 A: What sort of accommodation can you supply for me? B: We’ve got a beautiful two-room double with a bath an shower. accommodation n. [常pl.] 住处,膳宿 A: Would you be willing to accompany me to the party tonight? B: Sure , I’d love to . accompany vt. 1.陪伴,陪同;2.伴随,和…一起发生;3.为…伴奏(或伴唱) A: What kind of job do you think I should get? B: It all depends on what you want to accomplish in your life. accomplish vt. 达到(目的),完成(任务),实现(计划、诺言等) A: The numbers in this table don’t seem to be in accord with reality. B: I know, but these are the figures that we came up with. accord n. 1.一致,符合;2.(尤指国与国之间的)谅解,协议 vi. (with)相符合,相一致,相和谐 vt. 授予,赠与,给予 of one’s own accord 出于自愿,主动地 in accord with 与…一致,与…相符合 with one accord 一致地,一致同意地 A: Why didn’t you sign the contract? B: Because that company’s behavior is not in accordance with international law. accordance n. 一致,和谐,符合 in accordance with 与…一致,依照,根据 A: When should I make my presence known? B: Wait for my instructions and then proceed accordingly accordingly ad. 1.照着,相应地;2.因此,所以,于是 A: Why are you holding me in this jail cell? B: We’d like to hear your account of the events of last night. account n. 1.记述,描述,报告;2.帐,帐户;3.解释,说明 vi. 1.(for)说明…的原因,是…的原因;2.(在数量、比例方面)占 of no account 不重要的 on account of 为了…的缘故,因为,由于 on no account 绝不,绝对不 take account of 考虑到,顾及,体谅 take…into account 见take account of :考虑到,顾及,体谅 A: My accountant thinks she can save me lots of money on my taxes this year. B: That sounds great! accountant n. 会计人员,会计师 A: You shouldn’t let the dirty dishes accumulate in the sick! B: I know, I should wash them right away. accumulate vt. 堆积,积累,积聚 vi. 累积,聚积 A: When shooting a gun, accuracy is very important. B: You only need to tell me that once. accuracy n. 准确(性),精确(性) A: If the weatherman’s predictions are accurate, it should rain tomarrow. B: I hope not. Then we’d have to reschedule our baseball game. accurate a. 1.正确无误的;2.准确的,精确的 A: How dare you accuse me of stealing your computer? B: I’m sorry, but you were the only one who had access to it. accuse vt. 指控,控告,指责 A: I’m not really accustomed to the style of the new boss. B: It’ll take us al some time to get used to the change. accustomed a. 1. (to)习惯于…的,适应了的;2. 通常的,惯常的 A: The new testing system rewards students based on achievement B: Well, what was the old system like? achievement n. 1.成就,成绩;2.达到,完成,实现 A: Be careful! This acid can burn through your skin! B: Maybe I should wear gloves. acid n. 酸,酸性物质 a. 1.酸的,酸味的;2.尖刻的,刻薄的 A: I’m so embarrassed that I don’t know what to do. B: You should just acknowledge your mistake and move on. acknowledge vt. 1.承认,承认…的权威(或主张);2.告知收到,确认;3.对…表示谢忱,报偿 A: Was that your girlfriend? B: No, we’re not even good friend. She’s really just an acquaitance acquaintance n. 1.相识的人,熟人;2.认识,相识,了解 A: What do you think is the best way to acquire knowledge about fishing? B: Go fishing! acquire vt. 1.取得,获得;2.学到 A: The acquisition of wealth should not be the only goal of your life. B: I know, but I still would have liked to have gotten a raise. acquisition n. 1.取得,获得,习得;2.获得物,增添的人(或物) A: How many acres of land are you hoping to bay? B: Anywhere between ten and twenty. acre n. 英亩 A: If you really like the girl, then you should take action B: But I get nervous every time I talk to her . action n. 1.行动,行动过程;2.已做的事,行为;3.作用;4.情节 out of action 不(再)起作用,不(再)运转 A: What would you say is your favorite activity ? B: I’d have to say bowling. acrivity n. 1.活动,行动;2.活跃,活力 A: Why do you think he is so successful? B: His acute sense of reason puts him a level above everyone else. acute a. 1.严重的,激烈的;2.敏锐的;3.(疾病)急性的;4.尖的,锐的 A: That is the silliest ad I have every seen! B: Why would anyone want to buy that product? ad n. 见advertisement A: If you want to survive in this business, you’ve got to learn to how to adapt B: I’m doing the best I can. adapt vt. 1.使适应,使适合;2.修改,改编 vi. (to) 适应 A: How are you going to have room for the new baby? B: We’re going to build an addition onto our house. addition n. 1.加,加法;2.增加的人(或物) in addition 另外,加之 in addition to 除…之外(还) A: Do you have any additional questions? B: No, thanks, you’ve answered them all. additional a. 添加的,额外的,另外的 A: If we can’t find adequate housing in the city, we’re going to have to move to another state. B: That would really be a pit. adequate a. 1.充足的,足够的;2.适当的,胜任的 A: How was the concert? B: I don’t know if I can even find the right adjective to describe it! adjective n. 形容词 A: I’m sure it’s just a matter of time before you find a job. B: Maybe I need to adjust my attitude adjust vt. 1.校正,校准,调节;2.调节,改变…以适应 vi. (to) 适应 A: I’ve just about had it with the administration ! B: Really? What’s the problem? administration n. 1.管理,经营,支配;2.管理部门,行政机关,政府;3.实行,执行 A: I applied to six school, and got four offers of admission . B: Congratulations! admission n. 1.准许进入,准许加入;2.入场费,入场券;3.承认,供认 A: I think maybe we should adopt a child. B: I’m not sure if we can afford it. adopt vt. 1.收养;2.采取,采纳,采用;3.正式通过,批准 A: Sometimes I get tired of being an adult. And want to just play like a child. B: I think we all feel that way sometimes. adult n. 成年人(或动物) a. 1.成年的,充分长成的;2.成年人的,适宜于成年人的 A: Are you going to sign up for the advanced course, or the beginner one? B: I think I might sign up for the intermediate course. advanced a. 1.超前的,先进的;2.高级的,高等的;3.年迈的,后阶段的 A: Why did your team lose the game? B: They had a big advantage over us, being so much taller. advantage n. 1.优点,有利条件,有利因素;2.利益,好处 take advantage of 利用,占…的便宜 to advantage 有力地,使优点突出地 A: Do you know what an adverb is ? B: I think I remember from school that it is usually a word that modifies a verb. adverb n. 副词 A: If we want our magazine to be successful, we need to find advertisers. B: But who would want to advertise I a magazine about potatoes? advertise vt. 1.为…做广告,宣传;2.(在报刊,电视,广播等中)公告,告布 vi. 登广告,做广告,登公告 A: It’s imperative that we build our brand name. B: Well, if we want to do that, we’re going to need a killer advertisement. advertisement n. 1.广告,公告,启事;2.广告活动,宣传 A: I’ve decided to quit my job. B: I really don’t think that’s an advisable course of action. advisable a. 可取的,适当的,明智的 A: What did the doctor say? B: She advocated that I quit smoking. advocate vt. 拥护,提倡,主张 n. 1.拥护者,提倡者;2.辩护者,律师 A: It’s important to remember that your own actions affect the lives of others. B: Thanks for reminding me. affect v. 影响 A: Why do you think he ‘s angry all the time? B: Maybe his mother didn’t show him enough affection when he was a child. affection n. 喜爱,感情,爱慕之情 A: So, you went to the concert. Then what? B: Afterwards, he drove me home and kissed me goodnight. afterward(s) ad. 以后,过后,后来 A: Do you know of a good travel agency? B: We were very happy with the one that organized our trip to the Bahamas agency n. 1.代理行,经销处;2.(政府等的)专业行政部门 A: Would you mind helping me plan the agenda for tomorrow’s meeting? B: Sure, no problem. agenda n. 议事日程 A: What do you do for a living? B: I’ve been a real estate agent for the past 15 years. agent n. 1.代理人,代理商,经纪人;2.政府特工人员,政府代表;3.动因,原因;4.剂 A: Why didn’t you hire the candidate from Michigan? B: I was really turned off by his aggressive manner. aggressive a. 侵犯的,侵略的,挑衅的;2.敢作敢为的,有进取心的 A: This software has been a great aid in completing my homework. B: It’s amazing what computers can do. aid n. 1.帮助,援助,救助;2.助手,辅助物,辅助手段 vt. 帮助,援助,救助 A: Before boarding the aircraft, remember to remove anything sharp from your luggage. B: Don’t worry, I’ll remember. aircraft n. 飞机,航空器 A: Do you prefer to fly small airlines or large ones? B: I fly whichever will sell me the cheapest ticket. airline n. [常pl.] 航空公司 A: I’m worried that my sickness will become serious. B: Relax. A minor sore throat is no cause for alarm. alarm n. 1.惊恐,忧虑;2.警钟,报警器,闹钟;3.报警 vt. 使惊恐,使担心 A: Can I get you a beer? B: No thanks. If I drink too much alcohol, my face turns red. alcohol n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精 A: Be sure to stay alert when you’re walking alone at night. B: I’ll be fine. I’ve lived in the city all of my life. alert a. 警觉的,留神的,注意的 vt. 1.向…报警,使警惕;2.使认识到,使意识到 n. 1.警戒(状态),戒备(状态);2.警报 on the alert 警戒着,随时准备着,密切注意着 A: You two look almost exactly alike! B: Well, we’re twins. alike a. 同样的,相象的 ad. 1.一样地,相似地;2.同样程度地 A: Exactly how is an alliance with their company in our best interests? B: The chief advantage is that we can consolidate our production lines. alliance n. 结盟,联盟 A: Why should I give you a raise in your allowance? B: Because I do more chores now than I used to . allowance n. 津贴,补贴,零用钱 make allowance(s) for 1.考虑到,顾及;2.体谅,原谅 A: They’ve been our allies for fifteen years, and I think we should help them B: But sometimes you’ve got to abandon a sinking ship. ally n. 1.同盟国,同盟者;2.支持者 v. (使)结盟,(使)联合 A: How do I get to the bank? B: Just follow the road that runs alongside the river. alongside ad. 在旁边,沿着边,并排地 prep. 1.在…旁边,沿着…的边;2.和…在一起 A: How many vowels are there in the English alphabet? B: Five, I think. alphabet n. 字母表 A: I’m trying to find a way to alter my image. B: You could start by cutting your hair. alter v. 改变,改动,变更 A: Isn’t there an alternative to moving to another country? B: Not if we want to survive financially. alternative a. 1.两者择一的,供选择的,供替代的 n. 1.取舍,抉择,供选择的东西;2.选择的自由,选择的余地 A: I’m having a strong reaction to the high altitude of the mountain. B: Rest for a few days, and I’m sure you’ll be fine. altitude n. 1.高度,海拔;2.[pl.]高处,高地 A: What are you going to do with all of those aluminum cans? B: Recycle them. aluminium = aluminum n. 铝 A: You are quite the golfer! B: I’m just an amateur, but I try to practice a lot. amateur n. 1.业余爱好者,业余运动员;2.外行,粗通某一行的人 a. 1.业余爱好的,业余(身份)的 A: This magician we’re going to see will amaze you with some of his tricks. B: We’ll see. I’m not easily amazed. amaze vt. 使大为惊奇,惊愕 A: When you go abroad, you should remember that you’re acting as an ambassador for your county. B: I’m not so sure about that. As far as I’m concerned, I’m just representing myself. ambassador n. 大使,使节,派驻国际组织的代表 A: I wish I still had the ambition of my youth. B: I like you just the way you are. ambition n. 1.抱负,雄心,野心;2.企望得到的东西 A: If the ambulance had gotten here earlier, his life might have been saved. B: Now is not the time to place blame. ambulance n. 救护车 A: I really hate him. B: Amid all of the things you hate about him, he must have at least some qualities that you find endearing. amid prep. 在…中间,在…之中,被…围绕 A: What’s the best way to lose weight? B: Just remember that what you eat is more important than the amount you eat. amount n. 1.量,数量,数额;2.总额,总数 vi. 1.(to)合计,共计;2.(在意义、价值面)等同,接近 A: I was just trying to amuse you . B: Well, I didn’t think it was funny. amuse vt. 1.逗乐,逗笑;2.给…提供娱乐(或消遣) A: What do you think about the country’s economic situation? B: I’d really need to do some further analysis before I could give you an answer on that. analysis n. 分析,分析报告 A: If you had properly analyzed the situation a year ago, you might not be bankrupt today. B: Thanks for the advice, but it comes a little too late. analyse = analyze vt. 分析,细察,细查 A: Where were your ancestors from? B: They were from various different countries in Europe. ancestor n. 1.祖宗,祖先;2.原型,先驱 A: You’ve really been an anchor for me during this past year of hardship, and I want to say think you . B: It’s been my pleasure. anchor n. 1.锚;2.给人安全感之物(或人) vt. 1.抛(锚),泊(船);2.把…系住,使固定;3.担任(电视节目等的)主持人 vi. 1.抛锚,停泊;2.固定,扎根 A: Your car really looks ancient . B: Well, at least it still runs. ancient a. 1.古代的,古老的;2.年老的,看上去很老的 A: I just can’t figure out how to save my marriage. B: Maybe you should try looking at the situation from a different angle . angle n. 1.角,角度;2.观点,立场 vt. 1.把…放置成一个角度;2.使(新闻、报道等)带上倾向性 angle for 谋取,猎取 A: Why did you have to sit the game out. B: I twisted my ankle in practice. ankle n. 踝,踝关节 A: Do you think what today is . B: It’s our 50th wedding anniversary . anniversary n. 周年纪念(日) A: Do you mind if I chew gum? B: Actually it’s really starting to annoy me. annoy vt. 1.使恼怒,使烦恼;2.打扰,干扰 A: Are you going to go to Peter’s annual barbeque? B: This year I’ve got to stay home with the kids. annual a. 每年的,年度的,一年一次的 n. 1.年报,年刊,年鉴;2.一年生的植物 A: I am so sick of having ants in the kitchen. B: Maybe you should call the exterminator. ant n. 蚂蚁 A: I wish I could anticipate when it’s going to rain. B: Why don’t you just watch the weather report on the news? anticipate vt. 1.预期,期望,预料;2.先于…行动,提前使用 A: This type of antique pot is very expensive. B: Well, then I don’t think I can afford it. antique a. 古时的,古老的 n. 古物,古玩,古董 A: Whenever I have a math test, I have trouble controlling my anxiety. B: Everybody’s nervous-you need to learn how to relax. anxiety n. 1.焦虑,挂虑;2.渴望,热望 A: Anyhow , you’re just as smart as he is . B: I know that , but I still feel inferior sometimes. anyhow ad. 1.不管怎么说,无论如何,至少:2.不论用何种方法,无论从什么角度;3.随随便便地,杂乱无章地 A: You really shouldn’t have fallen asleep during the lecture. B: Why not? I didn’t care what he was talking about anyway . anyway ad. 1.不管怎么说,无论如何,至少:2.不论用何种方法,无论从什么角度 A: Do you think it will be hard to be apart for so long? B: Not as long as we remember that we love each other. apart ad. 1.[空间、时间方面]成距离,相间隔;2.分离,分开 a. 分离的,分隔的 apart from 1.除…之外(别无);2.除…之外(尚有) A: What have you been up to for the past few days? B: I’ve been trying to find an apartment in the city. apartment n. 一套公寓房间,房间 A: I think you owe me an apology . B: What!? You’re the one who parked illegally. apology n. 道歉,认错,愧悔 A: Why do you want to a divorce? B: It’s become quite apparent to me that you don’t care for me anymore. apparent n. 1.显然的,明白的,清晰可见的;2.表面上的,貌似(真实)的 A: That type of shoe just doesn’t appeal to me. B: Say what you want, but I like them. appeal n. 1.呼吁,恳求;2.感染力,吸引力;3.申诉,上诉 vi. 1.呼吁,恳求;2.有吸引力,有感染力;3. 上诉,申诉;4.(to)诉诸,诉请裁决(或证实等) vt. 将…上诉,将…移交上级法院审理 A: Why don’t we just stay home tonight? B: I feel like we should at least make an appearance at the party. appearance n. 1.出现,显露,露面;2.外观,外貌,外表 to all appearances 就外表看来,根据观察推断 A: You don’t seem to have much of an appetite tonight. B: Well, I had a big lunch. appetite n. 1.胃口,食欲;2.欲望 A: Why do you want to be an actor? B: That’s easy. I crave the applause. applause n. 鼓掌,掌声 A: How is your new house coming along? B: It’s completely furnished, except for the major appliances . appliance n. 器具,器械,装置 A: Your example sounds great, but it’s not applicable to the situation B: I’m afraid I disagree with you on this one. applicable a. 1.可应用的,可实施的;2.适当的,合适的 A: Do you think I’ll get the job? B: Well, you’re certainly not the most qualified applicant , but maybe they’ll hire you based on personality. applicant n. 申请人 A: Are you planning on applying for graduate school this year? B: Not this year, but maybe the next. apply vi. 1.申请,请求;2.适用 vt. 1.适用,运用,实施;2.涂,敷,施 A: Who do you think the President should appoint as the new judge? B: Anybody will be better than the last guy! appoint vt. 1.任命,委派;2.约定,确定,指定(时间、地点) A: I’ve got an appointment at four, but I could meet you for dinner at six. B: Okay, sounds great. appointment n. 1.约会,约定;2.任命,委派;3.委任的职位 A: I really appreciate all of your help. B: That’s what friends are for. appreciate vt. 1.重视,赏识,欣赏;2.为…表示感激;3.(充分)意识到,领会,体会 vi. 增值 A: I really like her, but I’m not sure how to approach her. B: Just walk up to her! approach v. 靠近,接近 n. 1.靠近,接近,临近;2.途径;3.方式,方法 A: Do you think this outfit is appropriate for the party? B: The invitation said, “wear what you want.” appropriate a. 1.适当的,恰当的 vt. 1.私占,侵吞,挪用;2.拨出(款项等)供专用 A: Do you like having your own place? B: Yes, I love it. I finally feel like I don’t need my mother’s approval . approval n. 1.赞成,同意;2.批准,认可 on approval (商品)供试用的,包退包换的 A: You should know that I don’t approve of your dropping out of school. B: Do you think I care? approve vt. 1.赞成,同意;2.批准,核准,对…表示认可 vi. (of )赞成,称许 A: You don’t have to say exactly, just tell me your approximate age. B: I’m around forty. approximate a. 大概的,大约的,近似的 vi. (to) 近似,接近 vt. 1.近似,接近,估计 A: I’m sorry you lost your job. B: I never thought, after all my years at the company, that they’d dismiss me in such an arbitrary manner. arbitrary a. 随意的,任意的;2.专断的,武断的,专制的 A: What’s the first thing you’d do if you were going to build a house? B: I’d find a good architect , of course. architect n. 建筑师,设计师,缔造者 A: I really hate the architecture of that building. B: Well, to each his own. I kind of like it. architecture n. 1.建筑学,建筑术,建筑业;2.建筑式样,建筑风格 A: Look, I really don’t want to argue with you. Just give me the keys. B: Not if my life depends on it. argue v. 争辩,争论,辩论,说服 A: Well, what are you going to do now? B: To be honest, I never thought this kind of situation would arise . arise vt. 产生,出现,发生;2.(from)(由…)引起,(由…)产生,起源于;3.起身,起床 A: If you’re twenty five, and I’m ten years older than you, then how old am I? B: I’m really bad at arithmetic ! arithmetic n. 算术 A: If you don’t want to arouse any suspicion, you’d better hide in the closet. B: Whatever you say. arouse vt. 1.引起,激起唤起;2.唤醒 A: Would you like to have your parents arrange your wedding? F: Frankly, I’d rather do it myself. arrange vt. 1.安排,准备,筹备;2.整理,排列,布置 vi. 做安排,做准备,筹划 A: Which hotel will we be staying in? B: That depends on what arrangements the travel agency has made. arrangement n. 1. [常pl.]安排,准备工作;2.整理,排列,布置 A: Since your arrest , do you feel that you’ve reformed? B: Oh yes, certainly. arrest vt. 1.逮捕,拘留,扣留;2.停止,阻止;2.吸引 n. 逮捕,拘留,扣留 A: I’m so glad you’re okay. B: It’s a good thing I ducked, or the arrow would have gone right through my head! arrow n. 1.箭,矢,箭状物;2.箭头符号 A: Would you like a jelly bean? B: No thanks, I don’t eat anything with artificial coloring. artificial a. 1.人工的,人造的,人为的;2.假的,矫揉造作的,模拟的 A: Do you like my painting? B: Yes, you’re so artistic ! artistic a. 1.艺术(家)的,美术(家)的;2.富有艺术性的,精美的,精彩的 A: How did you house burn down? B: We left some hot ashes on the porch, and the whole house caught fire. ash n. 1.灰,灰烬;2.[pl.]骨灰,遗骸 A: I can’t figure out how to write the conclusion! B: Why don’t you put the project aside for a few days, and come back to it later. aside ad. 在旁边,到(或向)一边 aside from 1.除…之外(别无);2.除…之外(尚有) A: If you just focus on one aspect of the situation, your lecture might be easier to understand. B: I know that, but I’m afraid I’d lose sight of the big picture. aspect n. 1.方面;2.(建筑物的)朝向,方向;3.面貌,外观 A: I’d like to buy this model for my son. B: I should warn you that it might be too difficult for a child to assemble. assemble vi. 集合,聚集 vt. 1.集合,聚集,召集;2.装配 A: Unless the assembly approves the new regulations, we’re out of business. B: I’ve got my fingers crossed. assembly n. 1.立法机构,议会;2.集会,集合,集会的人们;3.组装,装配 A: How would you assess the current state of our marriage? B: Well, we’ve been through some rocky times, but right now we’re in pretty good shape. assess vt. 1.对…进行估价,确定…的数额;2.评价,评论 A: You’ve been a huge asset to the company over the years, but we’ve going to have to let you go. B: I don’t believe this. asset n. 1.有价值的人(或物),优点,长处;2.[常pl.]资产,财产 A: Do you think the teacher will assign homework over the weekend? B: I don’t see why he wouldn’t. assign vt. 1.指派,选派;2.指定(时间、地点等);3.分配,给予,布置(作业) A: Have you finished the assignment I gave you? B: Of course. assignment n. 1.(分派的)任务,(指定的)作业;2.分配,指派 A: Let me know if there’s any way I can assist you. B: Thanks. assist n. 帮助,协助 A: If you need assistance , just give a yell. B: I’m sure I’ll be fine. assistance n. 帮助,援助 A: I usually wouldn’t associate you with music, but you just did a great job singing that song. B: Thanks! associate vt. 1.(在思想上)把…联系在一起;2.使联合,结合,使有联系 vi. (with)结交,交往 n. 伙伴,同事,合伙人 a. 副的 A: Before you move in, you need the approval of the Homeowner’s Association . B: Do you think it will be a problem? association n. 1.协会,联盟,社团;2.联合,结合,交往 A: I assume you brought the video? B: Yes, it’s right here. assume vt. 1.假定,假设,臆断,猜想;2.承担,担任,就职;3.呈现,具有,采取 A: I can tell just by looking at him that I won’t like him. B: You shouldn’t make that sort of assumption about people. assumption n. 1.假定,臆断;2.担任,承担 A: I want to assure you that all of our wines are of the highest quality. B: That’s good to know. assure vt. 1.使确信,使放心;2.确保,保证给 A: People today astonish me with their disregard for nature. B: I guess they’re more concerned with making money than protecting the environment. astonish vt. 使惊讶 A: Why didn’t you play soccer with us? B: I’ve never been much of an athlete . athlete n. 运动员,体育家 A: The atmosphere of a room really changes when she walks in. B: Yes, she certainly has a powerful presence. atmosphere n. 1.大气,大气层;2.空气;3.气氛,环境 A: It’s hard to imagine that everything is make up of little tiny atoms. B: And it’s even harder to imagine that every atom is made up of even smaller particles. atom n. 1.原子;2.微粒,微量 A: Atomic energy can help reduce our dependence on oil. B: But it has dangerous side effects as well. atomic a. 1.(关于)原子的;2.原子能的,原子武器的 A: What should I do with my necklace when I’m not wearing it? B: Why don’t you attach it to your backpack? attach vt. 1.系,贴,连接;2.使依恋,使喜爱;3.认为有(重要性,责任等);4.使附属 A: It’s difficult to attain such a high level of skill. B: But they say that, with practice, anything is possible. attain vt. 达到,获得 A: If you don’t change your attitude , I’m leaving. B: Go ahead and leave if you want. attitude n. 1.态度,看法;2.姿态,姿势 A: My attorney says I should plead guilty. B: But you didn’t do anything! attorney n. 律师,(业务或法律事务上的)代理人 A: I’ve always had an attraction to politics. B: Maybe you should run for office. attraction n. 1.吸引,吸引里,诱惑力;2.具有吸引力的事物(或人) A: I think you’re very attractive . B: I think you’re quite ugly. attractive a. 吸引的,有吸引力的,引起注意的 A: I attribute his lack of personality to my failure as a parent. B: Don’t be so hard on yourself. attribute vt. (to) 把…归因于,把(过错、责任等)归于 n. 属性,特性 A: Why are you so sad? I thought it was a great show. B: But half the audience left at intermission! audience n. 听众,观众,读者 A: The audio system in my car is nothing to get excited about. B: At least it puts out sound, which is more than I can say about my car’s system. audio a. 听觉的,声音的 A: How do you know the author ? B: We went to high school together. author n. 著作家,作者 A: I hate it when the students challenge my authority . B: Well, kids will be kids. authority n. 1.权力,管辖权;2.[pl.]官方,当局;3.当权者,行政管理机构;4.权威,专家 A: I want to buy an automatic can opener. B: Why don’t you just open the cans yourself? automatic a. 1.自动的;2.不假思索的,无意识的;3.必然的,自然的 n. 自动手枪(或步枪等),有自动装置的汽车 A: That is a fine-looking automobile . B: Thank you. automobile n. 汽车 A: I want to buy some auxiliary speakers to supplement my existing sound system. B: Do what you want, but I think it’s a waste of money. auxiliary a. 1.辅助的,补助的;2.备用的,后备的 A: Do you have any rooms available ? B: I’m sorry, we’re all booked of tonight. available a. 1.现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;2.可取得联系的,可得到的 A: I live on 15 Lawn Avenue. B: Next to the Johnsons? avenue n. 林荫道,大街 A: I feel like you’ve been trying to avoid me. B: That’s not true at all. avoid vt. 避免,预防,避开 A: Can I have a week to think about it? B: Sure. I await your reply. await vt. 1.等候,期待,期望;2.将降临到…身上 A: It is my pleasure to award you with this trophy for academic excellence. B: I’m honored to receive it. award vt. 1.授予,给予;2.判给,裁定 n. 奖,奖品,奖金 A: I wasn’t aware that you’ve been trying to reach me. B: Well, I have been for the past fifteen days. aware a. 意识到的,知道的 A: How was the movie? B: It was absolutely awful. awful a. 1.极坏的,令人不快的,可怕的;2.(感到)难过的,不舒服的;3.非常的,极大的 A: I really feel awkward when I play tennis. B: Maybe you should get lessons? awkward a. 1.尴尬的,棘手的;2.难操纵的,使用不便的;3.笨拙的,不灵巧的 A: Are you going to cut the tree down with a chainsaw? B: No, just my trusty ax . ax(e) n. 斧子 B 字部 A: Did you get the job? B: No, they didn’t think I had the right background. background n. 1.出身背景,经历;2.背景资料;3.(画等的)背景,底子 A: Did you know that your shirt in on backwards? B: Yes. I like to wear it this way. backward a. 1.向后的,反向的;2.落后的,进步慢的 ad. [-(s)] 1.向后,往回;2.朝反方向,倒 know…backward(s) 对...极其熟悉 A: What’s your favorite food? B: I love to eat bacon. bacon n. 咸肉 A: Why won’t you drink the water? B: I’m afraid of the bacteria that might be in it. bacteria n. 细菌 A: Why did you miss the plane? B: My baggage was so heavy that I couldn’t lift it out of the car! baggage n. 行李 A: Be careful not to lose your balance! B: Don’t worry about me. balance n. 1.平衡,均衡;2.天平,秤;3.结存,结欠 vt. 1.使平衡,使均衡;2.称;3.权衡,比较 in the balance (生命等)在危急状态中,(命运等)未定 off balance 不平衡 A: I’m looking for apartment with a large balcony. B: I think we’ve got just the one for you. balcony n. 1.阳台;2.(电影院等的)楼厅,楼座 A: Oops, I just popped the balloon. B: That’s OK, there are plenty more where that came from balloon n. 气球 A: Well, we’ve decided to ban smoking in the office. B: That’s fine by me. ban vt. 1.取缔,查禁; 2.(from)禁止 n. 禁止,禁令 A: Would you like to start a band? B: Sure, I’d love to. band n. 1.管乐队; 2.群,伙; 3.带,箍; 4.条纹; 5.波段,频带 vt. 用带绑扎 A: Did you just hear that loud bang? B: Yes, I wonder what it was. bang n. 1.巨响,爆炸声; 2.猛击,猛撞 vi. 1.猛击,猛撞; 2.发出砰的一声,砰砰作响 vt. 砰地敲(或推,扔); 2.猛击,猛撞 A: I hate to inform you, but the company is going bankrupt. B: Does this mean I’ll lose my job? bankrupt a. 1.破产的,彻底失败的; 2.彻底缺乏的 vt. 使破产,使枯竭 n. 破产者 A: I think we should hang a huge banner out in front of the school. B: What a great idea. banner n. 1.横幅;2.旗帜.旗 A: Would you like to go to the bar tonight? B: Sure. What time should we meet? bar n. 1.酒吧间,售酒(或食物等)的柜台;2.条,块; 3.(门窗等的)闩,栅栏 vt. 1.闩(门窗等),在…设栅栏; 2.阻止,阻拦; 3.阻塞,封锁(道路等) behind bars 在狱中 A: The barber did a horrible job with my hair! B: I don’t think is looks that bad. barber n. 理发师 A: My bare feet are freezing. B: Why don’t you put some socks on? bare a. 1.赤裸的;2.光秃的,无遮盖的; 3.刚刚够的,勉强的 vt. 露出,暴露 A: I barely passed yesterday’s test. B: You’re not the only one. barely ad. 仅仅,只不过,几乎不 A: That dog sure has a loud bark. B: Yeah, I have to cover my ears every day when I walk by. bark vi. (狗等)吠,叫 n. 1.吠声,叫声; 2.树皮 A: Did you hear that the old barn burned down? B: No! When did it happen? barn n. 谷仓,牲口棚 A: I’d like to buy a big barrel of oranges. B: I’m sorry, but we don’t sell them by the barrel. barrel n. 1.桶;2.筒,枪(或炮)管 vi. 快速移动 A: Why did you return early from abroad? B: I found that the language barrier was just too much for me. barrier n. 1.栅栏,关卡,检票口; 2.障碍,隔阂; 3.屏障 A: There’s nothing like a good game of baseball on a Saturday afternoon. B: You’ve got that right. baseball n. 棒球 A: Basically, I just couldn’t handle the workload, so I dropped the class. B: That’s too bad. basically ad. 基本上,从根本上说 A: On what basis are you making your claim? B: I’m mainly basing my conclusions on the results of my research. basis n. 基础,根据,原则 A: Did you see that bat just flew by us? B: Yeah. Its wings brushed right by my ear! bat n. 1.蝙蝠;2.球棒,球拍 A: The batteries on my CD player are dead. B: Here, you can borrow some of mine. battery n. 1.电池(组),蓄电池(组);2.排炮,炮组; 3.一系列,一套 A: I wonder how many boats there are in the bay? B: More than I can count, that’s for sure. bay n. 1.(海或湖泊的)湾; 2.(大厅等建筑物内的)分隔间 keephold sth. at bay 使无法近身 A: If you break the laser beam, then the alarm will go off. B: Don’t worry, I’ll be careful. beam n. 1.(光线等;的)束,柱; 2.梁,横梁; 3.笑容,喜色 vi. 面露喜色 vt. 定向发出(无线电信号等),播送 A: I hate eating beans. B: You should learn to like them, because they are a good source of protein. bean n. 豆 A: I want to grow a beard, but my wife thinks it’ll look ugly. B: You need to do what’s right for you. beard n. 胡须 A: You can just look at him and tell that he has the bearing of a champion. B: Well, he is a champion, after all.
3g.bigear.cn 用手机随时随地学英语
分享