大学英语六级历年完形填空真题词汇辨析(1)

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In the United States, the first day nursery was opened in 1854. Nurseries were established in various areas during the ___61__ half of the 19th century;

61. A) latter B) late C) other D) first

词汇解析:

latter [?læt?]

n.后者 a.后者的;后一半的,末了的

例:This latter point was of great importance.

后面这点极为重要。

late [leit]

a.晚的;晚期的;最近的 ad.迟,晚

other ['?ð?]

adj. 别的, 其他的, 另外的

pron. 其他(人或物)

n. 其他人(或事)

adv. 以其他方式

first [f?:st]

adj. 第一的, 最初的

adv. 首先, 第一

n. (序数词)第一, 最初

most of ___62___ were charitable. Both in Europe and in the U.S.

62. A) those B) them C) whose D) whom

the day-nursery movement received great ___63___ during the First World War, when ___64___ of manpower

caused the industrial employment of unprecedented(前所未有)numbers of women.

63. A) impetus B) input C) imitation D) initiative

64. A) sources B) abundance C) shortage D) reduction

impetus [?impit?s]

n.推动,促进,刺激;推动力

input [?input]

n.输入,投入;输入物(数据) vt.输入计算机

imitation [?imi?tei??n]

n.模仿;仿制,仿制品;赝品

initiative [i'ni??tiv]

adj. 创始的, 初步的, 自发的

n. 第一步, 首创精神, 主动权

source [s?:s]

n.源(泉),发源地;来源,出处

abundance [??b?nd?ns]

n.大量,丰富,充足

shortage [???:tid?]

n.不足,缺少

reduction [ri?d?k??n]

n.减少,缩小;下降,降低

In some European countries nurseries were establishes ___65___ in munitions(军火)plants, under direct government sponsorship.

65. A) hardly B) entirely C) only D) even

hardly [?hɑ:dli]

ad.几乎不,简直不;刚刚,仅仅

entirely [in?tai?li]

ad.完全地;彻底地

only [??unli]

ad.只;反而 a.唯一的;最好的 conj.可是

even [?i:v?n]

ad.甚至 a.平的;平稳的;双数的 v.(使)平坦

答案:

61. 正确答案为B) 第一家日托所建于1854年,在各地区建立当然是在19世纪的后半期。

62. 正确答案为B) most of后面要用人称代词。

63. 正确答案为A) 根据句意"第一次世界大战对建立日托所的运动是个促进"。

64. 正确答案为C) 根据句意"当时劳动力短缺使得……"。

65. 正确答案为D) 说明托儿所建立的多而广,"甚至"建在军火工厂里

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