中考英语听力最常考的30个对话情景(下)

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十三 、谈论天气情况

1、It is raining /blowing /snowing ,(isn‘t it ?)下雨了/刮风了/下雪了,(对吗?)

It is +adj ./n.(today ). 今天的天气...这类句子都是用来发表对天气的看法的.“It is +ady /n (today )”中间可用表述天气情况的形容词或名词,应答时可说:Yes ,it is .

2、What‘s the weather like today ? 今天天气怎样? / What’s the weather going to be like ...? 天气将怎样?

这两个句型都是用来询问天气情况的.前者询问当天的天气后者询问未来的天气,在like 后加表示未来的时间状语(如tomorrow .the day after tomorrow )应答时可说:It‘s fine /warm /cold /hot ...或It’s going to be fine /warm/cold /hot ...

“What‘s the weather like ...?”也可以用“How is the weather...?”表达,其意思想同.

十四 、问路及应答的交际用语

Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to ...? 劳驾,请告诉我去.....(地方)怎么走? / Excuse me. Han can I get to...? 劳驾,问怎样去.....(地方)? / Excuse me, please, where is...? 劳驾,请问去...的路怎么去?

问路时,首先说“Excuse me.”意思是“请原谅”、“请问”、“劳驾”,表示因为打扰而道歉,然后再问路,应答时可根据实际情况回答.常用的有以下几种表达:

How far is it from here? 它离这里多远? / It‘s about...meters from here. 它离这里大约...米远./ It’s about...yards/meters down this street./ Go straight ahead till you see...沿着这条街走约...米就到了./ Go straight ahead till you see... 照直走到...(地方)为止 ./ Go down/along this street. 沿着这条街走下去./ Take this street/road. 走这条街/大路./ Go through the gate and you‘ll find the entrance to...穿过大门,你就会看到...的几口处./ Go down/along this street till you get to ...沿着这条街走到...(地方)为止./ Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.在第一/二个十字路口向右/左转./ You’d better take a taxi/minibus/No. 5 bus...你最好坐出租车/乘小公共汽车 / 乘5路公共汽车.

十五 、就餐时的交际用语

1、就餐时,当主人询问客人想吃/喝点什么时,主人常说:

Would you like sth.(to eat / to drink)?你想吃 / 喝点...吗? / What would you like (to have)? 你想要吃点什么? / Would you like some more...? 你还要点...吗? / How about (some more) ...? (再)来点...怎么样?

2、就餐时,当主人主动请客人吃/喝点东西时,主人常说:

Help yourself to...? 你吃/喝点...吧./ Let me give you...? 让我来人你...吧./ Make yourself at home. 请随便吃,不要客气.

3、当客人表示愿意或同意吃/喝点东西时,常回答:

Yes, please,好的.I‘d like...我想来点....Well, just a little, please. 好的,请来一点儿.

4、当客人表示不想吃/喝东西或表示已经吃饱/喝好了时,常回答:No, thanks, 谢谢,不要了.Thank you , I‘ve had enough. 谢谢,我已经够了.I’m full, thank you. 谢谢,我吃饱了.

十六、告别

1、告别前用语

I‘m afraid I must be off/be going/be leaving now.恐怕我得走了./ I think I must be off/ be going/ be leaving now.我看我得走了./ Well, It’s getting late.噢,天已晚了./ I‘ve got to go now.现在我必须得走了./ Maybe we could get together sometime.也许我们什么时候还能再聚一聚.

2、对告别前用语的回答

Thank you for coming.多谢你的光临./ Yes, I‘ve enjoy it.对,我很开心./ My pleasure, too.这也是我的荣幸./ Could you stay a little longer? 你能再呆一会儿吗?/ In that case, I won’t keep you.那么我就不留你了.

3、告别用语

Good-bye! / Be seeing you soon. Bye! / Bye! / Bye for now. / See you. / See you later. Bye-bye! 再见!Good night.晚安!Have a pleasant journey!/ Wish you a pleasant journey.祝你旅途愉快!Don‘t forget to give me a ring.不要忘记给我来电话.Remember to give me a ring.记住给我来电话.

4、对告别用语的回答

Good-bye!再见!/ Good night!晚安!You too. / Same to you.你也一样.So long. Take care.再见!保重.

十七、赞美和恭维及应答(Making Compliments and Responses)

It‘s beautiful. 真漂亮!/ That’s marvellous! 真了不起!/ It‘s a lovely picture! 多好看的照片!/ I’m glad you did...... 我很高兴你做了....../ I‘m pleased you did... 我很兴奋你做了....../ How clever of you! 你好聪明哦!/ I like the way you did...... 我喜欢你做......的方式/ I admire the way you do...... 我敬佩你做......的方式/ I’ve never seen such a...... 我还没有见到过如此的......./ What a nice coat you have! 你的外衣很漂亮哦!/ You look very smart today! 你今天看上去好神气哦! / What a wonderful house! 你的房子好漂亮哦!/ It matches your suit perfectly. 这和你的衣服很相配./ You‘ve certainly given us a very good lecture. 你的确给我们做了一场精彩的讲演./ You have a beautiful smile.你的笑真美. / You have a good sense of humour.你挺有幽默感的./ Your wife is beautiful. 你的妻子真漂亮./ You gave an excellent speech.你的演讲真精彩. / Your car is nice.你的车真漂亮. / This is a lovely dinner./The dinner is great.这顿饭真不错. / That’s a very nice suit you‘ve got on.你穿的衣服很漂亮. / That was a marvellous speech. 那是一场了不起的演讲./ You look wonderful this evening! 你今晚看上去很不错! / What a nice living room so comfortable! 我很喜欢你的家具,你在哪儿买的? / I appreciate your new car.我非常欣赏你的新车.(对朋友的精彩表演、杰出成绩,你若亲临现场,可直接为他大声喝彩)

Well done, Johnson! 干得好,约翰逊!/ I‘m so happy for you! 真为你感到高兴!/ It’s very well deserved! 就该这样!/ You must be terribly pleased!你一定非常高兴吧!/ Aren‘t you very excited, Tom?汤姆,你一定很激动吧!

Oh, I‘m glad you like it. 哦,你喜欢,我真高兴./ I’m glad you think so. / I‘m delighted you think so. 你能这样认为我真高兴./ Oh, thank you.哦,谢谢! /How kind of you to say that. 你能那样说真好./ I’m glad to hear that.听到这我真高兴. / Thanks for saying so.谢谢你这样说.

十八 、约会的交际用语

1、询问对方是否有空:

Will you be free (tonight/ tomorrow/...)?你(今晚/明天 ...)有空吗?

肯定回答:Yes, I‘ll be free (tonight / tomorrow...).我(今晚/明天...)有空.

否定回答:No,I won‘t be free(tonight/ tomorrow...).不,(今晚/明天...)没有空.

比较客气委婉的否定回答:

I‘m afraid not. (I’m afraid I‘m not free tonight/tomorrow...).恐怕没有空.

2、询问约会的时间、地点:

What time shall we meet? 我们什么时候会面呢? /Where is the best place to meet? 我们最好在什么地方会面呢? / How about 5 p.m./ tonight/ tomorrow...?下午五点(今晚/明天......)怎么样? / What about (meeting) at the gate/ outside the station...? 在大门口/在车站外边碰头怎么样? /Shall we meet at 7:30 p.m. at the gate ?我们下午七点半大门口碰头好吗? / I‘ll meet you at the theatre at 7:30 p.m.我会在七点半在剧场见你./ I suggest 7 o’clock.我建议七点钟(碰头).

3、有关约会的时间,地点的询问和应答,可根据具体情况进行.

十九、关心和焦虑的交际用语

1、What‘s wrong/the matter(with)...?表示的意思是“你怎么啦?”、“你有什么不舒服?”、“出了什么毛病?”,用来询问对方的疾病、痛苦、忧伤、事故等情况,.句中的wrong作“失常的”、“状况不佳的”,matter作“麻烦事”、“毛病”、“故障,指病痛或事故的原因.”

What‘s wrong with...和What’s the matter with...?两个句子意思相同,可以互换.

2、Is there anything the matter?意思是“出了什么事吗?”、“有什么毛病吗”这个句子还可以简化为:anything the matter?

3、We are anxious/worried about...“be anxious/worried about”意思是“为(某人/某事)担心”,可用于各种时态,其中的be可用get代替(即“get anxious /worried about”)

4、There is no need to be worried.没有必要担心./ There is nothing to worry about.没有什么可以担心的.

对于别人的担心或焦虑,常可以用以上句子表示宽慰.

二十、喜好、厌恶和偏爱

I. 表示喜好

1、用I like /love sth./sb. 来表达.(表示“我不喜欢某人/某事”)

2、用I like/love to do sth./doing sth.来表达(表示“我为喜欢做某事”的意思)

注意:1)在 like后加上表示程度的词如:very much ,a lot, little,等

3、用I enjoy sth./doing sth.来表达.(表示“我喜欢/欣赏某事”的意思)

II. 表示厌恶

1、用I don‘t like (to).......来表达.(表示“我不喜欢某人/某事”的意思)

2、用I hate (to).......来表达(表示“我不喜欢某人/某事”的意思)

3、用.Idon‘t enjoy sth./doing sth来表达.(表示“我不喜欢某人/欣赏某事”的意思)

III. 表示偏爱

1、用I prefer A to B.来表达.( 表示“ 我喜欢A甚过喜欢B”的意思)2、用would rather do........来表达(表示“宁愿做........”的意思 )

二十一、表示同意和不同意的用语

1、表示同意

Certainly./ Sure./ Of course.当然可以./No problem. 没有问题.Yes ,I think so.是的,我也这样认为./ I agree with sb.我同意某人的看法./ I agree with sb. 我同意某事.I agree that... 我同意.../ Good idea ! / That‘s a good idea.好主意./ It’s a good idea to do sth. 干某事是人好主意./Yes ,please.是的,请吧./ You are right . 你是对的./ That‘s true./Ok./All right. 好的./ That’s just what I think. 我也是那么想的./ That‘s my opinion, too.我也是那么想的. /There’s no doubt about it.那毫无疑问.

2、表示不同意.

No,I don‘t think so. 不,我不这样认为./ I don’t agree with sb. 我不同意某人的看法./ I don‘t agree to sth. 我不同意某事./ I don’t agree that . 我不同意.... / I‘m afraid not. /I’m afraid that...恐怕(不)...

二十二、表示肯定和否定的用语

1、表示肯定:

Sure./of course./Certainly.肯定/当然/一定./ I‘m sure of/about...我确信... / I’m sure that...我确信.../ That‘s sure.是真的.

2、表示否定

No.不是./ I‘m not sure of/about...对...我没有把握./ I’m not sure whether/if...我没有把握...

二十三、语言困难( Language Difficulties )

1、当不知某个词的发音时,用How do you pronounce...? 这个词你怎么读?

2、当不知某个词的汉语意思时,用What‘s the Chinese meaning of the word...?...词的汉语意思是什么?类似的表过还有:What do you mean by...in Chinese?/What’s the Chinese for...?/ What does ...mean in Chinese?

3、当不知某个词的拼写时,用Could/can you spell the word?你能拼一下这个词吗?

4、当没听清(懂)对方讲话内容时,

用I‘m sorry, I didn’t quite follow(catch)you.对不起,请再说一遍时,可用下列句型表达:I‘m afraid I didn’t follow (catch)起,我没有听懂(清).

5、当没听懂(清)对方所说的话或请求对方再重复you./Would you mind I repeating that? /pardon ?Beg your pardon?/ I beg your pardon? / Could you say that again ?/Would you please say that again?/Would you please say that more slowly?

6、问对方是否听懂(清)时,

用:Is that clear? /Have I made myself clear?/Do you see what I mean ?/ Do you understand?

7、当不知如何表达某一意思时,用:I‘m sorry, I know only a little English. I don’t know how to say it in English(I don‘t know the exact word in English),but it is some thing like...对不起,我仅懂一点点英语.我不知如何用英语表达这个词(我不知道英语中能表达该意思的准确的词),但它有点象....

8、当表示在语言某方面上有无困难时,可用 I have some(no, much, little, a little,some) difficulty (trouble)in pronouncing(spelling,......) .......意为“在做某事方面有一些(没有、很多、很少、有一点困难).”或用have some (no,little,a little,much ,any)difficulty(trouble) with sth.

9、订正或澄清错误时,用:I‘m sorry, I have made a mistake.对不起,我犯了个错误.I’m sorry, I should have said...对不起,我本该说....That‘s not what I meant.我不是那个意思.What I mean is ...我的意思是....I’ll try to explain that again,我将尽力再解释一下.

二十四、表示禁止和警告的交际用语

1、Look out! /Be careful! / Take care!

这三个句子都作“当心、小心”解,look out语气最强,往往用于某种紧急的情况或可能出现危险的场合,其后接for短语.take care语气没有那样强,多用于对可能出现的不测作出预先的提醒或警告,其后可接不定式短语或that从句,从句的谓语动词用一般现在时.be careful可代替look out和take care,其后也可接不定式以及about, with等介词短语.

2、下列句型也可用来表示警告:

Don‘t do sth.......or......不要干某事,否则....If you.......you’ll......如果你...,你就会...

3、以否定祈使句或“No+-ing”表示禁止和警告.

Don‘t smoke! 不准抽烟!/ Don’t be late!不要迟到! / Don‘t take pictures here! 不要在此拍照! / No smoking!不准抽烟!/ No parking!不准停车! / No spitting! 不要随地吐痰!

4、用can‘t / mustn’t表示禁止和警告.

二十五、询问国籍、籍贯,姓名及职业时的常用语

What‘s your nationality? Are you American...? 你是哪国人? / 你是美国人吗? / Are you from American / Britain... ? 你是美国人/英国人...吗?/ Where are you from ? 你是哪里人? / What country are you from ? 你是哪个国家的? / What are you? 你是干什么的? / Who are you? 你是谁? / What’s your name? 你叫什么名字?

二十六、谈论爱好Talking about Hobbies.

询问对方的业余爱好

What are your hobbies? 你的爱好是什么? / What do you often do in your free/ spare time? 你在业余时间经常做什么? / What are your favorite sports? 你最喜爱的运动是什么? / Do you like+drawing/ playing chess....? 你喜欢绘画/下棋....? / What are you interested in after work?下班后你对什么有兴趣?

叙述自己的爱好

My hobby is.....我的爱好是...... / I enjoy+watching Tv/ listening to music......我喜欢看电视 / 听音乐....../ I like /love + collecting stamps /fishing......我喜欢集邮 / 钓鱼....../ I find.....very interesting.我觉得.......很有趣.

二十七 、表示遗憾、同情的交际用语

1、be afraid that.......恐怕......

2、It‘s a pity(that).....真是很遗憾..... 这是表示遗憾的交际用语,后面跟的that从句就是所指的遗憾的事情.在口语中that常可省略.

3、What a pity/shame!真是遗憾!(真可惜!)用的是省略的感叹句.(语气较随便)

表示同情时常用I‘m sorry to hear......或I’m so sorry.来表达,hear后可接that也可接that从句,表示“听说......我很难过”,注意I‘m so sorry.在意思上不同于道歉.

二十八、有关意愿和希望的交际用语

I. 询问对方的意愿

1、What do you want/plan/intend/hope to do...? /你想要/计划/打算/希望干什么?

应答时用:I want / plan / intend / hope to do...我想要/计划/打算/希望干什么.

注意:在动词want / plan / intend / hope...之后要接不定式(而不接动名词形式)作宾语.

2、What‘s your plan for ...?(What are your plans for...?)你有...有什么计划?

应签时可用I plan / intend / hope + to do ...或视其具体情况作答.

3、What do you feel like doing?你想做什么呢?在答语“I feel like doing.....”之后还可跟名词.

4、What would you like to do sth?你想做什么呢?答语“I‘d like to(do sth.)”是“I would like”的省略,后跟动词原形.

II. 表示希望用的句型:

I want / wish / hope to....我希望做什么 / I hope + that - clause. 我希望... / I wish + that - clause.但愿...

注意:上述句型中,在I hope / wish 之后跟由that引导的宾语从句.在口语中,that常可省略.在I wish后的宾语从句中用陈述语气;在that后的宾语从句中用虚拟语气.

二十九、 表示判断和意见

What do you think of....?/ How do you like....?/How did you find......?你认为......怎么样?

What‘s you opinion of......?你对........的看法是什么?Tell us what you think about/ of.......谈谈你对的.......看法?We’d like to have your views/ opinions about.......我们想听听你对......的看法?

Well done/ Good work!很好!干得不错!Not bad.不错!It certainly is.的确如此.It‘s correct to do(sth)......是对的.It seems (to me) that-clause.(在我看来)好象.......In my opinion,...../ As I see it, ...依我看,......So far as I know, ... / From what I know/ understand......就我所知,......I would say......我认为......I think / believe / suppose......很可能......I’m sure......我确信......I don‘t think......我认为....不...It doesn’t seem possible that-clause,.........好象不可能.

三十、征询

1、What‘s your opinion?你的看法呢?

In my opinion ...据我看,...

2、Do you think it is...?你可认为...吗?

Yes,I think so./No,I don‘t think so.是的,我也这样认为.不,我不这样认为.

/ Yes,I agree with you.是的,我同意你的看法.

/ No,I don‘t agree with you.不,我不同意你的看法.

4、Would you like+名词或不定式?

此句型用来询问别人的愿望的,其简略答语是I‘d like to或I’d love to我愿意。


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