四级口语含代名词句型2

昨日星晨昨日风。 2014-08-275548阅读
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... which ...

结构︰主词+动词+名词(物)+关系代名词(which)+动词…。

说明︰which 可作主格或受格<关系代名词>,引导<形容词子句>,前面的先行词接“动物”或“事物”,后面接<动词>,必须和先行词保持一致。

Here is a book, which is very interesting. 

这里有一本非常有趣的书。

I like to watch TV programs which are about sports.

我喜欢观赏有关运动的电视节目。

They want to sell the house, which has only one door.

他们想卖掉那幢只有一扇门的房子。


... by oneself ...

结构︰主词(人,物)+动词+by oneself…。

说明︰此句型意为“某人(物)自己…”。反身<代名词>的人称、数和性别,须和相关的<主词>一致。

They went to Suao by themselves. 

他们自己去苏澳。

John fixed the tape recorder by himself. 

约翰靠他自己修理录音机。

You can’t go mountain climbing by yourself. 

你不能自己去登山。


... that/those of ...

结构︰that/those of 作为避免重複的代名词

说明︰英文句构中,两个<名词>对称而形成<比较>的情况时,为避免重複,第二个<名词>若为单数,就改为<代名词> that;若为複数,则改为<代名词> those。不过在遇到<所有格>时,可使用<所有格>的<名词>形态取代 that 或 those。

The population of Tokyo is larger than that of London.

东京的人口比伦敦的多。

The climate here is like that of Taipei. 

这儿的气候和台北非常相似。

His children are well bred, whereas those of his sister are naughty.

他的孩子很有教养,但他姊姊的孩子却调皮得很。

The students work harder than those of our school.

这些学生比我们学校的学生用功。

His car is bigger than mine.

他的车比我的大。


the former ... the latter

结构︰the former ... the latter ...

说明︰此句型意为“前者…后者…”。可代替单複数<名词>,而“that(指前者)… this(指后者)…”或“the one(指前者)…the other(指后者)…”,只能代替单数<名词>。若两个<名词>均为複数时,也可用“those ... these ...”取代“the former ... the latter ...”。

Virtue and vice are two different things: the former/that/the one leads to peace, the latter/this/the other to misery. 

美德与邪恶是不同的,前者带来和平,后者导致痛苦。

Man differs from beasts in that the former is able to laugh, while the latter aren’t.

人不同於野兽,因前者能笑,而后者却不能。

Jane and Mary are good friends; the former is a teacher, the latter is a nurse.

珍和玛丽是好朋友,前者是老师,后者是护士。

Dogs are more faithful animals than cats; these attach themselves to places, and those to persons.

狗比猫忠心,后者依恋地方,前者依恋人。

... one ..., the other ...

结构︰…two+複数名词,one…the other…

说明︰此句型意为“一个…另一个…”。用於限定的两者,只有在“two+複数<名词>”之后才能使用。

I have two aunts; one lives in Tokyo and the other in Osaka.

我有两个姑妈;一个住在东京,另一个住在大阪。

I have two dogs; one is white, and the other is brown.

我有两条狗;一条白色的,一条棕色的。

The two brothers often quarrel with each other; one is stubborn, and the other (is) selfish.

这两兄弟经常吵架;一个很固执,另一个则很自私。

I don’t like this one; show me the other.

我不喜欢这个,给我看另一个。(暗示:这种东西只有两种)


... one ..., another ...

结构︰…three+複数名词,one…another…and the other…

说明︰此句型意为“一个…一个…而另一个…”。用於限定的三者,只能在“three+複数<名词>”之后使用。

There are three rooms; one is mine, another is my sister’s and the other is my parents’.

有三间房间:一间是我的,一间是我妹妹的,剩下的一间是我父母的。

He has three brothers; one is a teacher, another (is) a soldier, and the other an artist.

他有三个兄弟:一个是老师,一个是军人,而另一个是艺术家。

They three get along well with one another; one is married, another is still a bachelor, and the other has a girl friend.

他们三人彼此相处愉快;一个已婚,一个仍是光棍,而另一个则已有了女友。


... one ... another ...

结构︰... one ... another ...

说明︰此句型意为“一个…而另一个…”。若有三者以上,而未加以限定时,则可使用本<句型>。

I don’t like this one; show me another.

我不喜欢这个,给我看另一个。(暗示:这种东西至少有三种以上)

At one time, she is fine, but at another, she is abnormal.

有时候,她表现得很好,有时候又失常。

I really don’t know what kind of man he really is; on one occasion, he is normal, and on another, he acts like a lunatic.我真不了解他到底是怎样的人;一会儿正常,一会儿又像个疯子。


... one thing, ... another

结构︰... is one thing, and ... is another

说明︰此句型意为“…是一回事,而…又是另一回事”。

To know is one thing; to teach is quite another.

知道是一回事,教又是另一回事。(学者未必是良师。)

It is one thing to make money, and it is another to spend it.

赚钱是一回事,而花钱又是另一回事。

Saying is one thing, and doing is another.

说是一回事,做又是另一回事。

... one ... or another ...

结构︰one+名词+or another

说明︰此句型意为“某一…”。本<句型>等於“some+<名词>+or other”。

Most of us have to read a certain amount of material for one reason or another.

我们大多数人必须为某种理由阅读若干的资料。

He was absent from the meeting for one reason or another.

他为某种理由而没有出席会议。

I am sure he will succeed one day or another. 

我确信某一天他会成功的。

For one reason or another, she committed suicide.

不知什么原因,她自杀了。


... some ... others ...

结构︰... some ... others ...

说明︰此句型意为“一些…而另一些…”。用於非限定的众群,相当於“some ... some ...”。

Some of us value peace and comfort very highly. Others value pleasure and excitement.

我们有些人非常重视安宁与舒适,有些人重视快乐与刺激。

Some of us can speak English. Others/Some can speak French.

我们有些人会说英语,有些人会说法语。

Some people believe in God and others don’t.

有人相信上帝;有人则不相信。

To some life means pleasure, to others suffering.

对一些人来说,人生的意义是享乐,对另外一些人来说则是受苦。


... one ... the others ...

结构︰... one/some ... the others ...

说明︰此句型意为“一个/一些…其余…”。用於限定的三者以上。

We have 30 students in our class; one passed the exam, and the others (=the rest) all failed.

我们班上有三十位学生,只有一位通过考试,其余都不及格。

Of the 40 students, some do well in study, and the others are playing around.

四十个学生中,有一些功课很好,其余的都很混。

Some of the boys were late, but all the others were in time for the meeting.

男孩子中,有一些迟到了,但其余的人都及时赶上开会。


..., some ..., others ...

结构︰... some ... others ... still others ...

说明︰此句型意为“一些…一些…而另一些…”。用於非限定的众多群,相当於“some ... some ... some ...”。

People vary in taste; some love music, some enjoy taking pictures, and still others are fond of climbing mountains.

每个人嗜好不同,有人喜欢音乐,有人喜欢摄影,还有些人喜欢爬山。

Society is made up of a variety of people; some are good, others (are) bad, and still others (are) in between.

社会是由形形色色的人组成。有些人很好,有些人很坏,也有些人介乎两者之间。

There are many people in the park; some are walking, others are jogging, and still others are doing exercises.

公园里有很多人,有的在散步,有的在慢跑,还有的在做操。


Of all (the) ..., ...

结构︰Of all(the)+複数名词,主词+动词…

说明︰此句型意为“在所有…之中…”。all 之后有 the,表示“所有这些…”,是特定的观念;all 之后没有 the,表示“所有的”,是泛指的观念。

Of all the fibers now used by man, a very large percentage is man-made.

现在人类所使用的所有纤维之中,有很大的百分比是人造的。

Of all books, the Bible seems to be read most widely.

在所有的书中,圣经是最广泛地被阅读的。

Of all the students in our school, Tom is mathematical genius.

在我们学校所有的学生之中,汤姆是数学天才。



本文编辑:昨日星晨昨日风。

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