cuiyuchina 2013-11-151456阅读

Part I Writing (30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bellow:




                       Free admission to museums


Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

How Do You See Diversity?

As a manager, Tiffany is responsible for interviewing applicants for some of the positions with her company .During one interview, she noticed that the candidate never made direct eye contact. She was puzzled and somewhat disappointed because she liked the individual otherwise.

He had a perfect resume and gave good responses to her questions, but the fact that he never looked her in the eye said “untrustworthy,” so she decided to offer the job to her second choice.

“It wasn’t until I attended a diversity workshop that I realized the person we passed over was the perfect person,” Tiffany confesses. What she hadn’t known at the time of the interview was that the candidate’s “different” behavior was simply a cultural misunderstanding . He was an Asian-American raised in a household where respect for those in authority was shown by averting(避开) your eyes.

“I was just thrown off by the lack of ye contact; not realizing it was cultural,” Tiffany says. “I missed out ,but will not miss that opportunity again.”

Many of us have had similar encounters with behaviors we perceive as different. As the world becomes smaller and our workplaces more diverse, it is becoming essential to expand our under-standing of others and to reexamine some of our false assumptions .

Hire Advantage

At a time when hiring qualified people is becoming more difficult ,employers who can eliminate invalid biases(偏爱) from the process have a distinct advantage .My company, Mindsets LLC ,helps organizations and individuals see their own blind spots . A real estate recruiter we worked with illustrates the positive difference such training can make .

“During my Mindsets coaching session ,I was taught how to recruit a diversified workforce. I recruited people from different cultures and skill sets .The agents were able to utilize their full potential and experiences to build up the company .When the real estate market began to change, it was because we had a diverse agent pool that we were able to stay in the real estate market much longer than others in the same profession.”

Blinded by Gender

Dale is an account executive who attended one of my workshops on supervising a diverse workforce . “Through one of the sessions ,I discovered my personal bias ,” he recalls . “I learned I had not been looking at a person as a whole person , and being open to differences .” In his case , the blindness was not about culture but rather gender .

“I had a management position open in my department ;and the two finalists were a man and a woman . Had I not attended this workshop , I would have automatically assumed the man was the best candidate because the position required quite a bit of extensive travel . My reasoning would have been that even though both candidates were great and could have been successful in the position , I assumed the woman would have wanted to be home with her children and not travel .”Dale’s assumptions are another example of the well-intentioned but incorrect thinking that limits an organization’s ability to tap into the full potential of a diverse workforce .

“I learned from the class that instead of imposing my gender biases into the situation , I needed to present the full range of duties, responsibilities and expectations to all candidates and allow them to make an informed decision .” Dale credits the workshop , “because it helped me make decisions based on fairness .”

Year of the Know-It-All

Doug is another supervisor who attended one of my workshops .He recalls a major lesson learned from his own employee.

“One of my most embarrassing moments was when I had a Chinese-American employee put in a request to take time off to celebrate Chinese New Year . In my ignorance , I assumed he had his dates wrong , as the first of January had just passed . When I advised him of this , I gave him a long talking-to about turning in requests early with the proper dates .

“He patiently waited , then when I was done , he said he would like Chinese New Year did not begin January first , and that Chinese New Year ,which is tied to the lunar cycle ,is one of the most celebrated holidays on the Chinese calendar . Needless to say , I felt very embarrassed in assuming he had his dates mixed up . But I learned a great deal about assumptions , and that the timing of holidays varies considerably from culture to culture .

“Attending the diversity workshop helped me realize how much I could learn by simply asking questions and creating dialogues with my employees , rather than making assumptions and trying to be a know-it-all ,” Doug admits . “The biggest thing I took away from the workshop is learning how to be more ‘inclusive’ to differences.”

A better Bottom Line

  An open mind about diversity not only improves organizations internally , it is profitable as well . These comments from a customer service representative show how an inclusive attitude can improve sales .”Most of my customers speak English as a second language . One of the best things my company has done is to contract with a language service that offers translations over the phone . It wasn’t until my boss received Mindsets’ training that she was able to understand how important inclusiveness was to customer service . As result , our customer base has increased .”

  Once we start to see people as individuals . and discard the stereotypes , we can move positively toward inclusiveness for everyone . Diversity is about coming together and taking advantage of our differences and similarities . It is about building better communities and organizations that enhance us as individuals and reinforce our shared humanity .

When we begin to question our assumptions and challenge what we think we have learned from our past , from the media, peers , family , friends , etc , we begin to realize that some of our conclusions are flawed(有缺陷的) or contrary to our fundamental values . We need to train our-selves to think differently , shift our mindsets and realize that diversity opens doors for all of us ,creating opportunities in organizations and communities that benefit everyone .

1.What bothered Tiffany during an interview with her candidate?

A)He just wouldn’t look her in the eye.

B)He was slow in answering her questions.

C)His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant.

D)His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant .

2. Tiffany’s misjudgment about the candidate stemmed from          .

       A) Racial stereotypes.          C) Racial stereotypes.

       B) Invalid personal bias   .     D) Emphasis on physical appearance

   3. What is becoming essential in the course of economic globalization according to the author?

       A) Hiring qualified technical and management personnel.

       B) Increasing understanding of people of other cultures.

C) Constantly updating knowledge and equipment.

       D) Expanding domestic and international markets.

    4. What kind of organization is Mindsets LLC?

       A) A real estate agency.          C) A cultural exchange organization.

       B) A personnel training company.  D) A hi-tech company

    5. After one of the workshops ,account executive Dale realized that        .

       A) He had hired the wrong person.

       B) He could have done more for his company.

       C) He had not managed his workforce well.

       D) He must get rid of his gender bias.

    6. What did Dale think of Mindsets LLC’s workshop?

       A) It was well-intentioned but poorly conducted.

       B) It tapped into the executives’ full potential.

       C) It helped him make fair decisions.

       D) It met participants’ diverse needs.

    7. How did Doug, a supervisor, respond to a Chinese-American employee’s request for leave?

A)He told him to get the dates right.   C)He flatly turned it down

B)He demanded an explanation.      D)He readily approved it.

    8. Doug felt         when he realized that his assumption was wrong.

    9. After attending Mindsets’ workshops, the participants came to know the importance of          to their business.

    10. When we view people as individuals and get rid of stereotypes , we can achieve diversity and benefit from the        between us.

Part IV Reading Comprehension (reading in depth) (25 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

    Every year in the first week of my English class, some students inform me that writhing is too hard. They never write, unless assignments  47  it . They fine the writing process  48  and difficult.

    How awful to be able to speak in a language but not to write in it-  49  English , with its rich vocabulary . Being able to speak but not write is like living in an  50  mansion(豪宅) and never leaving one small room . When I meet students who think they can’t write, I know as a teacher my  51  is to show them the rest of the rooms . My task is to build fluency while providing the opportunity inherent in any writing activity to  52  the moral and emotional development of my students . One great way to do this is by having students write in a journal in class every day.

    Writing ability is like strength training. Writing needs to be done  53  , just like exercise ; just as muscles grow stronger with exercise , writing skills improve quickly with writing practice. I often see a rise in student confidence and  54  after only a few weeks of journal writing .

    Expressing oneself in writing is one of the most important skills I teach to strengthen the whole student. When my students practice journal writing, they are practicing for their future academic, political, and  55  lives . They build skills so that some day they might write a great novel, a piece of sorely needed legislation, or the perfect love letter. Every day that they write in their journals puts them a step         56  to fluency , eloquence (雄辩), and command of language .

A)closer                             I) painful

B)daily                              J) performance

C)emotional                          K) profession

D)enhance                           L) remarkably

E)enormous                          M) require

F)especially                          N) sensitive

G)hinder                             O) urge


Section B

Directions:There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

    The January fashion show, called FutureFashion , exemplified how far green design has come. Organized by the New York-based nonprofit Earth Pledge, the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time. Several have since made pledges to include organic fabrics in their lines.

    The designers who undertake green fashion still face many challenges. Scott Hahn, cofounder with Gregory of Rogan and Loomstate, which uses all-organic cotton, says high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to fine . “Most designers with existing labels are finding there aren’t comparable fabrics that can just replace what you’re doing and shat your customers are used to,” he says. For example, organic cotton and non-organic cotton are virtually indistinguishable once woven into a dress. But some popular synthetics, like stretch nylon, still have few eco-friendly equivalents.

    Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support. Last year the influential trade show Designers & Agents stopped charging its participation fee for young green entrepreneurs(企业家) who attend its two springtime shows in Los Angeles and New York and gave special recognition to designers whose collections are at least 25% sustainable . It now counts more than 50 green designers, up from fewer than a dozen two years ago. This week Wal-Mart is set to announce a major initiative aimed at helping cotton farmers go organic: it will buy transitional(过渡型的) cotton at higher prices , thus helping to expand the supply of a key sustainable material . “Mainstream is about to occur,” says Hahn.

    Some analysts(分析师) are less sure . Among consumers, only 18%are even aware that ecofashion exists, up from 6% four years ago. Natalie Hormilla, a fashion writer, is an example of the unconverted consumer, when asked if she owned any sustainable clothes, she replied: “Not that I’m aware of.” Like most consumers, she finds little time to shop, and when she does, she’s on the hunt for “cute stuff that isn’t too expensive.” By her own admission, green just isn’t yet on her mind. But –thanks to the combined efforts of designers, retailers and suppliers –one day it will be.

57. What is said about FutureFashion?

A) It inspired many leading designers to start going green.

B) It showed that designers using organic fabrics would go far.

C) It served as an example of how fashion shows should be organized.

D) It convinced the public that fashionable clothes should be made durable.

58. According to Scott Hahn, one big challenge to designers who will go organic is that         .

   A) much more time is needed to finish a dress using sustainable materials .

   B) they have to create new brands for clothes made of organic materials .

   C) customers have difficulty telling organic from non-organic materials .

   D) quality organic replacements for synthetics are not readily available .

59. We learn from Paragraph 3 that designers who undertake green fashion        .

   A) can attend various trade shows free .

   B) are readily recognized by the fashion world

   C) can buy organic cotton at favorable prices .

   D) are gaining more and more support .

60. What is Natalie Hormilla’s attitude toward ecofashion?

   A) She doesn’t seem to care about it.   C) She is doubtful of its practical value.

   B) She doesn’t think it is sustainable    D) She is very much opposed to the idea

61. What does the author think of green fashion?

   A) Green products will soon go mainstream.

   B) It has a very promising future.

   C) Consumers have the final say.

   D) It will appeal more to young people.

Passage Two

Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

Scientists have devised a way to determine roughly where a person has lived using a strand(缕) of hair , a technique that could help track the movements of criminal suspects or unidentified murder victims .

The method relies on measuring how chemical variations in drinking water show up in people’s hair.

“You’re what you eat and drink, and that’s recorded in you hair,” said Thure Cerling, a geologist at the University of Utah.

While U.S diet is relatively identical, water supplies vary. The differences result from weather patterns. The chemical composition of rainfall changes slightly as raid clouds move.

Most hydrogen and oxygen atoms in water are stable , but traces of both elements are also present as heavier isotopes (同位素) . The heaviest raid falls first .As a result, storms that form over the Pacific deliver heavier water to California than to Utah.

Similar patterns exist throughout the U.S. By measuring the proportion of heavier hydrogen and oxygen isotopes along a strand of hair, scientists can construct a geographic timeline. Each inch of hair corresponds to about two months.

Cerling’s team collected tap water samples from 600 cities and constructed a mop of the regional differences. They checked the accuracy of the map by testing 200 hair samples collected from 65 barber shops.

They were able to accurately place the hair samples in broad regions roughly corresponding to the movement of raid systems.

“It’s not good for pinpointing (精确定位),” Cerling said . “It’s good for eliminating many possibilities.”

Todd Park, a local detective, said the method has helped him learn more about an unidentified woman whose skeleton was found near Great Salt Lake.

The woman was 5 feet tall. Police recovered 26 bones, a T-shirt and several strands of hair.

When Park heard about the research, he gave the hair samples to the researchers. Chemical testing showed that over the two years before her death, she moved about every two months.

She stayed in the Northwest, although the test could not be more specific than somewhere between eastern Oregon and western Wyoming.

“It’s still a substantial area,” Park said “But it narrows it way down for me.”

62. What is the scientists’ new discovery?

A) One’s hair growth has to do with the amount of water they drink.

B) A person’s hair may reveal where they have lived.

C) Hair analysis accurately identifies criminal suspects.

D) The chemical composition of hair varies from person to person.

63. What does the author mean by “You’re what you eat and drink” (Line 1, Para.3)?

A) Food and drink affect one’s personality development.

B) Food and drink preferences vary with individuals.

C) Food and drink leave traces in one’s body tissues.

D) Food and drink are indispensable to one’s existence.

64. What is said about the rainfall in America’s West?

A) There is much more rainfall in California than in Utah.

B) The water it delivers becomes lighter when it moves inland.

C) Its chemical composition is less stable than in other areas.

D) It gathers more light isotopes as it moves eastward.

65. What did Cerling’s team produce in their research?

A) A map showing the regional differences of tap water.

B) A collection of hair samples from various barber shops.

C) A method to measure the amount of water in human hair.

D) A chart illustrating the movement of the rain system.

66. What is the practical value of Cerling’s research?

A) It helps analyze the quality of water in different regions.

B) It helps the police determine where a crime is committed.

C) It helps the police narrow down possibilities in detective work.

D) It helps identify the drinking habits of the person under investigation.

Part V Cloze (15 minutes)

Kimiyuki Suda should be a perfect customer for Japan’s car-makers. He’s a young, successful executive at an Internet-services company in Tokyo and has plenty of disposable  67  . He used to own Toyota’s Hilux Surf, a sport utility vehicle. But now he uses  68 subways and grains . “It’s not inconvenient at all ,” he says  69  , “having a car is so 20th century.”

Suda reflects a worrisome  70  in Japan; the automobile is losing its emotional appeal,  71  among the young ,who prefer to spend their money on the latest electronic devices.  72  mini-cars and luxury foreign brands are still popular ,everything in between is  73  .Last years sales fell 6.7 percent, 7.6 percent  74  you don’t count the mini-car market . There have been  75  one-year drops in other nations :sales in Germany fell 9 percent in 2007  76 a tax increase . But experts say Japan is

77  in that sales have been decreasing steadily  78  time. Since 1990, yearly new-car sales have fallen from 7.8 million to 5.4 million units in 2007.

Alarmed by this state of  79 , the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA)

80  a comprehensive study of the market in 2006. It found that a  81 wealth gap, demographic(人口结构的) changes and  82  lack of interest in cars led Japanese to hold their

83  longer , replace their cars with smaller ones 84 give up car ownership altogether .JAMA

85  a further sales decline of 1.2 percent this year. Some experts believe that if the trend continues for much longer , further consolidation (合并) in the automotive sector is  86  .

67. A) profit         C) income

  B) payment       D) budget

68. A) mostly        C) occasionally

  B) partially       D) rarely

69. A) Therefore      C) Otherwise

  B) Besides       D) Consequently

70. A) drift          C) current

  B) tide           D) trend

71. A) remarkably    C) specially

  B) essentially     D )particularly

72. A) While         C) When

  B) Because       D) Since

73. A) surging        C) slipping

  B) stretching      D) shaking

74. A) unless         C) as

  B) if             D) after

75. A) lower          C) broader

  B) slighter         D) larger

76. A) liable to        C) thanks to

  B) in terms of      D) in view of

77. A) unique         C) mysterious

  B) similar         D) strange

78. A) over           C) on

  B) against         D) behind

79. A) mess         C) growth

  B) boom         D) decay

80. A) proceeded     C) launched

  B)relieved       D) revised

81. A) quickening    C) strengthening

  B) widening      D) lengthening

82. A) average       C) abundant

  B) massive       D) general

83. A) labels        C) vehicles

  B) cycles        D) devices

84. A) or           C) but

  B) until         D) then

85. A) concludes     C) reckons

  B) predicts       D) prescribes

86. A) distant        C) temporary

  B) likely         D) immediate

Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

Directions:Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.

87. Soon after he transferred to the new school , Ali found that he had         (很难跟上班里的同学)in math and English.

88. If she had returned an hour earlier , Mary ____________________(就不会被大雨淋湿了).

89. It is said that those who are stressed or working overtime are___________________ (更有可能增加体重).

90.______________________(很多人所没有意识到的) is that Simon is a lover of sports. and football in particular.

91.The study shows that the poor functioning of the human body is ____________________ (与缺乏锻炼密切相关)

标签 英语 四级 真题 3g.bigear.cn 用手机随时随地学英语